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Basil Herb Cut - 100 g - Herbal Collection

R 3500
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Basil Herb Cut - 100 g - Herbal Collection

Ocimum basilicum



    Basil, also known as Ocimum basilicum, is a popular culinary herb that has been used for centuries for both its flavor and medicinal properties. 

    It is native to tropical regions of Asia and Africa and is now cultivated worldwide. 

    Here are some benefits, properties, and traditional uses of basil:


    1. Anti-inflammatory properties: Basil contains eugenol, a compound with anti-inflammatory effects that may help alleviate symptoms related to arthritis, inflammatory bowel conditions, and other inflammatory diseases.
    2. Antioxidant properties: Rich in antioxidants, such as beta-carotene, vitamin A, and vitamin C, basil helps protect cells from damage caused by free radicals and may reduce the risk of chronic diseases.
    3. Antimicrobial and antiviral properties: Basil has antimicrobial properties against various bacteria, fungi, and viruses. This can help prevent infections and protect against foodborne illnesses.
    4. Heart health: Basil contains magnesium, which may help improve blood flow and lower blood pressure. It also has anti-inflammatory and antioxidant properties that can contribute to overall heart health.
    5. Digestive health: Basil has been traditionally used to soothe digestive issues, such as stomach cramps, indigestion, and bloating. It may also help with gastrointestinal infections and promote a healthy gut flora.
    6. Stress relief: Basil has adaptogenic properties that can help the body cope with stress. It is traditionally used to alleviate symptoms of anxiety, depression, and mental fatigue.
    7. Respiratory health: Basil has been used in traditional medicine to treat respiratory issues, such as asthma, bronchitis, and colds. It may help to clear mucus and soothe inflamed airways.
    8. Skin health: Topical application of basil essential oil or a basil-infused ointment can help treat minor skin irritations, insect bites, and acne due to its antimicrobial and anti-inflammatory properties.
    9. Immune system support: The antioxidants and other nutrients in basil may help support the immune system and overall health.


    Ocimum basilicum


    Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Basilic


    Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org


    Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page



    plant name


    Basil, Pistou , Roman Basil


    International Latin denomination


    Ocimum basilicum L. and its varieties


    botanical family




    Description and habitat


    • Annual herb 20 to 50 cm high, with branching stems forming tufts, oval leaves, of a beautiful dark green (some varieties have vinous red leaves, linked to the presence of anthocyanins )
    • Flowers yellowish-white to reddish, grouped by 6 in whorls
    • Several varieties of basil are grown: the tall green, best known as pistou and the most common, O. basilicum var. Genovese, purple basil O. basilicum purpurascens , lemony O. basilicum citriodorum , Thai basil, O. basilicum var. thyrsiflora , and var. dianatnejadii , ...


    History and tradition



    Parts used



    Dosage forms available



    Usual dosages




    Main components of the plant



    Main components of buds or young shoots


    Main components of essential oil





    Plant properties


    • Antimicrobial [1]
    • Antiviral, activity on two RNA viruses: coxsackievirus B1 and enterovirus 71 ( ursolic acid ) [2]
    • Stomachic, protection of the gastric mucosa [3] , carminative, appetizer
    • Diuretic
    • galactagogue
    • Antioxidant ( rosmarinic acid ) [4]
    • Methyl -chavicol (= estragole ) is toxic and potentially carcinogenic in high doses, but some basil compounds reduce the toxicity of 1'-hydroxyestragole known as a procarcinogen (reduce the formation of DNA adducts) [5]
    • The hydro-alcoholic extract of the leaf increases the hepatic content of glutathione-reductase and superoxide dismutase, and detoxification enzymes, anti-cancer (opposes cutaneous papillomagenesis and of the esophago-gastric junction
    • The hydro-alcoholic extract is anxiolytic, just like the essential oil [6]


    Bud properties


    Properties of essential oil


    • Anthelmintic, insecticide
    • Can be narcotic, positive, powerful antispasmodic, neuro-regulatory
    • Anxiolytic [6] (suspicion of cannabinoid properties due to methylchavicol )
    • Normalizes the intestinal flora
    • Anti-inflammatory, analgesic
    • Antioxidant [7]
    • Venous and prostate decongestant
    • Anti-infectious: antiviral
    • Antifungal [8] , [9] , [10]
    • Digestive and hepatobiliary tonic
    • Antibacterial activity on Pseudomonas sp [11]
    • All cultivars have anti-infective, antibacterial and antifungal activity as well as antioxidant activity: Ocimum basilicum var. methyl - chavicol ( estragole ) purpureum ; Ocimum basilicum var. thyrsiflora to linalool (68%); Ocimum citriodorum with nerol (23%) and citral (20.7%)




    Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)


    • lack of appetite
    • Bloating, flatulence
    • Hiatal hernia, esophagitis
    • Other Ocimum are gastric protectors
    • Poisoning
    • Slightly euphoric or even antidepressant properties


    Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)


    Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)


    • Aerophagia, gastritis, pancreatic insufficiency, nausea, digestive spasms, gastroenteritis
    • Travel sickness
    • Spasmophilia, multiple sclerosis (?), anxiety, certain depressions, post-infectious asthenia, insomnia
    • Rheumatoid arthritis
    • Venous circulatory disorders, dysmenorrhea


    Known or suspected mode of action



    Usual formulations





    Possible side effects and precautions for use



    Bibliographic references


    1. Go↑ Suppakul P, Miltz J, Sonneveld K, Bigger SW. Antimicrobial properties of basil and its possible application in food packaging. J Agric Food Chem. 2003 May 21;51(11):3197-207. PMID 12744643
    2. Go↑ Chiang LC, Ng LT, Cheng PW, Chiang W, Lin CC. Antiviral activities of extracts and selected pure constituents of Ocimum basilicum. Clin Exp Pharmacol Physiol. 2005 Oct;32(10):811-6. doi: 10.1111/j.1440-1681.2005.04270.x. PMID 16173941
    3. Go↑ Akhtar MS, Munir M. Evaluation of the gastric antiulcerogenic effects of Solanum nigrum, Brassica oleracea and Ocimum basilicum in rats. J Ethnopharmacol. 1989 Nov;27(1-2):163-76. PMID 2515396
    4. Go↑ Jayasinghe C, Gotoh N, Aoki T, Wada S. Phenolics composition and antioxidant activity of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.). J Agric Food Chem. 2003 Jul 16;51(15):4442-9. PMID 12848523
    5. Go↑ Jeurissen SM, Punt A, Delatour T, Rietjens IM. Basil extract inhibits the sulfotransferase mediated formation of DNA adducts of the procarcinogen 1'-hydroxyestragole by rat and human liver S9 homogenates and in HepG2 human hepatoma cells. Food Chem Toxicol. 2008 Jun;46(6):2296-302. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2008.03.010. PMID 18433972
    6. Go to :6.0 & 6.1 Rabbani, M., Sajjadi, SE, & Vaezi, A. (2015). Evaluation of anxiolytic and sedative effect of essential oil and hydroalcoholic extract of Ocimum basilicum L. and chemical composition of its essential oil. Research in pharmaceutical sciences, 10(6), 535–543. PMID 26779273
    7. Go↑ Seung-Joo Lee, Katumi Umano, Takayuki Shibamoto, Kwang-Geun Lee. Identification of volatile components in basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) and thyme leaves (Thymus vulgaris L.) and their antioxidant properties. Food Chemistry 91 (2005) 131–137 full text
    8. Go↑ Pascal Fandohan, Joachim D. Gbenou, Benoit Gnonlonfin, Kerstin Hell, Walter F.O. Marasas, Michael J. Wingfield. Effect of Essential Oils on the Growth of Fusarium verticillioides and Fumonisin Contamination in Corn. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2004, 52 (22), pp 6824–6829
    9. Go↑ SK Oxenham, KP Svoboda, DR Walters. Antifungal Activity of the Essential Oil of Basil (Ocimum basilicum). Journal of Phytopathology, Volume 153, Issue 3, pages 174–180, March 2005
    10. Go↑ R. Reuveni, A. Fleischer, E. Putievsky. Fungistatic Activity of Essential Oils from Ocimum basilicum Chemotypes. Journal of Phytopathology, Volume 110, Issue 1, pages 20–22, May 1984
    11. Go↑ Wan J, Wilcock A, Coventry MJ. The effect of essential oils of basil on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas fluorescens. J Appl Microbiol. 1998 Feb;84(2):152-8. PMID 9633630
    12. Go↑ Avetisyan A, Markosian A, Petrosyan M, Sahakyan N, Babayan A, Aloyan S, Trchounian A. Chemical composition and some biological activities of the essential oils from different basil Ocimum cultivars. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2017 Jan 19;17(1):60. doi: 10.1186/s12906-017-1587-5. PMID 28103929
    • Jirovetz, L., Buchbauer, G., Shafi, MP, and Kaniampady, MM 2003. Chemotaxonomical analysis of the essential oil aroma compounds of four different Ocimum species from southern India. Eur. Food Res. Technology. 217:120-124. [1]
    • Lachowicz KJ, Jones GP, Briggs DR, Bienvenu FE, Wan J, Wilcock A, Coventry MJ. The synergistic preservative effects of the essential oils of sweet basil (Ocimum basilicum L.) against acid-tolerant food microflora. Lett Appl Microbiol. 1998 Mar;26(3):209-14. PMID 9569711
    • Wan J, Wilcock A, Coventry MJ. The effect of essential oils of basil on the growth of Aeromonas hydrophila and Pseudomonas fluorescens. J Appl Microbiol. 1998 Feb;84(2):152-8. PMID 9633630


    Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

    Do not exceed the daily dose.


    This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.

    If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.


    This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.


    This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.


    For More Information please check our General Safety Herbal products Page