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Fennel Seed - 60 Capsules - Herbal Collection

R 9900
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2 in stock
Description

Fennel Seed - 60 Capsules - Herbal Collection

Foeniculum vulgare


     

    TRADITIONALLY USED FOR

    May help with

    • colic
    • dyspeptic - digestion problems
    • cough
    • sore throat
    • PMS
    • increase milk secretion

    INFORMATION

    Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Fenouil_doux

     

    Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org

     

    Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page

     

    plant name

     

    1. Sweet fennel ( dill fennel )
    2. bitter fennel
    3.  

    International Latin denomination

     

    1. Foeniculum vulgare Mill. var. sweetness
    2. Foeniculum vulgare var. vulgar

     

    botanical family

     

    Apiaceae ( Umbelliferae )

     

    Description and habitat

     

    • Herbaceous plant from the limestone hillsides of the Midi, with a strong aniseed smell
    • Glaucous stem up to 2 m high, with leaves cut into filiform, pinnate, feathery strips
    • Greenish-yellow flowers gathered in umbels
    • Fruit: oblong +/- arched achene

     

    History and tradition

     

     

    Parts used

     

     

    Dosage forms available

     

     

    Usual dosages

     

    Composition

     

    Main components of the plant

     

     

    Main components of buds or young shoots

     

    Main components of essential oil

     

     

    Properties

     

    Plant properties

     

    • Root: diuretic (syrup of the five roots), the herbal tea is much less active, you need a hydro-alcoholic extract (Fleurentin)
    • Leaf: vulnerary
    • Fruit: carminative, galactagogue and eupeptic, expectorant
      • Anti-inflammatory, anti-allergic, by inhibition of 5-lipoxygenase [1]
      • Stimulates stomach motility by mouth
      • Galactogen (seed and essential oil)
    • The plant (hydro-alcoholic extract) improves fertility in mice (presence of diosgenin ) [2]
    • Anethole is estrogen -like but total essential oil is more active. It increases the glandular secretions at the respiratory level by direct action on the cells or by stimulation of the glands of the gastric mucosa. This causes an evacuation of the bronchial mucus

     

    Bud properties

     

    Properties of essential oil

     

    • Galactogenic, estrogen-like ( anethole ) [3] , estrogenic effect is related to polymers of anethole ( dianethole and photoanethole ) [4]
    • Powerfully antispasmodic
    • Anxiolytic [5]
    • Nerve, respiratory and cardiac tonic
    • Depurative, eupeptic, stomachic, aperitif, cholagogue, choleretic, carminative, improves colic in children in a randomized study against placebo [6]
    • Hepatoprotective [7]
    • Analgesic, anti-inflammatory [8]
    • Antifungal (dermatophytes Trichophyton rubrum , Trichophyton tonsurans , Microsporum gypseum , Trichophyton mentagrophytes ) [9] , [10]
    • Antioxidant, comparable to tocopherol [11]
    • Antithrombotic, broad-spectrum antiplatelet activity, and vasorelaxant action ( anethole ) [12]
    • Miticide [13]

     

    Directions

     

    Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)

     

    • Bloating, gastralgia
    • Cholelithiasis
    • Breastfeeding (stimulates)
    • Anxiety and depression in postmenopausal women [14]
    • Postmenopausal vaginal atrophy by local route in the form of a cream, significantly increases the index of vaginal maturation and the number of superficial cells [15] , but not by oral route [16]
    • Locally: blepharitis, conjunctivitis
    • A cream with fennel extract dosed at 2% is effective on female hirsutism [17]

     

    Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)

     

    Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)

     

    • Insufficient breastfeeding
    • Amenorrhea, symptoms of premenopause and menopause
    • Neuromuscular spasms, lumbago, rheumatism
    • Bronchitis, asthma, spastic cough
    • Dyspepsia, aerophagia, hiccups, nausea, flatulence, colitis, gastralgia, anorexia
    • Stress, nervous asthenia

     

    Known or suspected mode of action

     

    • Vulnerary comes from “vulnus -eris wound => vulnerarius = suitable for healing wounds
    • Anethole is central analgesic , increases pulmonary secretions, stimulates expectoration, estrogen-like, stimulates liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy, antithrombotic

     

    Usual formulations

     

     

    Regulations

     

     

    Possible side effects and precautions for use

     

    • HE not recommended for pregnant women
    • Prolonged use of fennel can cause premature breast enlargement in little girls ( thelarche ) [18]
    • Caution in case of hypothyroidism ( HE )
    • Avoid association with anticoagulants or antiaggregants
    • No prolonged use
    • Essential oil formally contraindicated in hormone-dependent cancer pathologies

     

    Bibliographic references

     

    1. Aller↑ Lee JH, Lee DU, Kim YS, Kim HP. 5-Lipoxygenase Inhibition of the Fructus of Foeniculum vulgare and Its Constituents. Biomolecules & Therapeutics. 2012;20(1):113-117. doi:10.4062/biomolther.2012.20.1.113. Full Text
    2. Aller↑ Khazaei M, Montaseri A, Khazaei MR, Khanahmadi M. Study of Foeniculum vulgare Effect on Folliculogenesis in Female Mice. International Journal of Fertility & Sterility. 2011;5(3):122-127. [1]
    3. Aller↑ Howes MJ, Houghton PJ, Barlow DJ, Pocock VJ, Milligan SR. Assessment of estrogenic activity in some common essential oil constituents. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2002 Nov;54(11):1521-8. PMID 12495555
    4. Aller↑ Albert-Puleo M. Fennel and anise as estrogenic agents. J Ethnopharmacol. 1980 Dec;2(4):337-44. PMID 6999244
    5. Aller↑ Mesfin M, Asres K, Shibeshi W. Evaluation of anxiolytic activity of the essential oil of the aerial part of Foeniculum vulgare Miller in mice. BMC Complement Altern Med. 2014 Aug 23;14:310. doi: 10.1186/1472-6882-14-310. PMID 25149087
    6. Aller↑ Alexandrovich I, Rakovitskaya O, Kolmo E, Sidorova T, Shushunov S. The effect of fennel (Foeniculum vulgare) seed oil emulsion in infantile colic: a randomized, placebo-controlled study. Altern Ther Health Med. 2003 Jul-Aug;9(4):58-61. PMID 12868253
    7. Aller↑ H. Özbek, S. Ura, H. Dülger, Bayram, Tuncer, G. Öztürk, A. Öztürk. Hepatoprotective effect of Foeniculum vulgare essential oil. Fitoterapia, Volume 74, Issue 3, April 2003, Pages 317-319 full text
    8. Aller↑ Eun-Mi Choi and Jae-Kwan Hwang. Antiinflammatory, analgesic and antioxidant activities of the fruit of Foeniculum vulgare. Fitoterapia, Volume 75, Issue 6, September 2004, Pages 557-565
    9. Aller↑ Zeng H, Chen X, Liang J. In vitro antifungal activity and mechanism of essential oil from fennel (Foeniculum vulgare L.) on dermatophyte species. J Med Microbiol. 2015 Jan;64(Pt 1):93-103. doi: 10.1099/jmm.0.077768-0. PMID 25351709
    10. Aller↑ Gurdip Singh, Sumitra Maurya, MP de Lampasona, C. Catalan. Chemical constituents, antifungal and antioxidant potential of Foeniculum vulgare volatile oil and its acetone extract. Food Control, Volume 17, Issue 9, September 2006, Pages 745–752
    11. Aller↑ Ruberto, G., Baratta, MT, Deans, SG, & Dorman, HD (2000). Antioxidant and antimicrobial activity of Foeniculum vulgare and Crithmum maritimum essential oils. Plantamedica, 66(08), 687-693.
    12. Aller↑ Tognolini M, Ballabeni V, Bertoni S, Bruni R, Impicciatore M, Barocelli E. Protective effect of Foeniculum vulgare essential oil and anethole in an experimental model of thrombosis. Pharmacol Res. 2007 Sep;56(3):254-60. PMID 17709257
    13. Aller↑ Lee HS. Acaricidal activity of constituents identified in Foeniculum vulgare fruit oil against Dermatophagoides spp. (Acari: Pyroglyphidae). J Agric Food Chem. 2004 May 19;52(10):2887-9. PMID 15137830
    14. Aller↑ Ghazanfarpour M, Mohammadzadeh F, Shokrollahi P, Khadivzadeh T, Najaf Najafi M, Hajirezaee H, Afiat M. Effect of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) on symptoms of depression and anxiety in postmenopausal women: a double-blind randomized controlled trial. J Obstet Gynecol. 2018 Jan;38(1):121-126. doi: 10.1080/01443615.2017.1342229. PMID 28891367
    15. Aller↑ Yaralizadeh M, Abedi P, Najar S, Namjoyan F, Saki A. Effect of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) vaginal cream on vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: A double-blind randomized placebo-controlled trial. Maturitas. 2016 Feb;84:75-80. doi: 10.1016/j.maturitas.2015.11.005. PMID 26617271
    16. Aller↑ Ghazanfarpour M, Shokrollahi P, Khadivzadeh T, Baharian Sharghi N, Mirzaii Najmabadi K, Babakhanian M, Jafarian AHEffect of Foeniculum vulgare (fennel) on vaginal atrophy in postmenopausal women: A double-blind, randomized, placebo-controlled trial. Post Reprod Health. 2017 Dec;23(4):171-176. doi: 10.1177/2053369117733629. PMID 28990439
    17. Aller↑ Javidnia K, Dastgheib L, Mohammadi Samani S, Nasiri A. Antihirsutism activity of Fennel (fruits of Foeniculum vulgare) extract. A double-blind placebo controlled study. Phytomedicine. 2003;10(6-7):455-8. PMID 13678227
    18. Aller↑ Türkyilmaz Z, Karabulut R, Sönmez K, Can Başaklar A. A striking and frequent cause of premature thelarche in children: Foeniculum vulgare. J Pediatric Surg. 2008 Nov;43(11):2109-11. doi: 10.1016/j.jpedsurg.2008.07.027. PMID 18970951
    • Aviessi F. Dangou J. Wotto V. Alitonou G. Sohounhloue D. Menut Chantal. Antioxidant properties of the essential oil of the leaves of Clausena anisata (Wild) Hook. Chemistry reports. 2004, vol. 7, no.10-11, pp. 1057-1061
    • Zeller A, Horst K, Rychlik M. Study of the metabolism of estragole in humans consuming fennel tea. Chem Res Toxicol. 2009 Dec;22(12):1929-37. doi: 10.1021/tx900236g. PMID 19908891

    CAUTION

    Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

    Do not exceed the daily dose.

     

    This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
     

    If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.

     

    This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

     

    This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.

     

    For More Information please check our General Safety Herbal products Page