Ginger Pieces Dried - Herbal Collection - 75 g
Dried ginger pieces are derived from the rhizome (underground stem) of the Zingiber officinale plant. They are known for their distinct flavor, aroma, and various health benefits. Here are some properties, benefits, and ways to use dried ginger pieces:
- Flavor: Dried ginger pieces have a warm, spicy, and slightly sweet flavor that makes them a popular ingredient in cooking and baking.
- Aroma: The unique aroma of dried ginger can be attributed to its volatile oils, which also possess medicinal properties.
- Chemical constituents: Ginger contains several bioactive compounds, such as gingerols, shogaols, and zingerone, that contribute to its therapeutic effects.
- Digestive health: Ginger is known to alleviate gastrointestinal issues like indigestion, bloating, and nausea, making it a popular remedy for morning sickness during pregnancy.
- Anti-inflammatory: Ginger's anti-inflammatory properties can help reduce inflammation and manage conditions like arthritis, muscle pain, and soreness.
- Immune support: Ginger may boost the immune system due to its antimicrobial, antiviral, and antioxidant properties.
- Cardiovascular health: Ginger may help lower blood pressure, reduce cholesterol levels, and prevent blood clotting, thereby supporting heart health.
- Blood sugar regulation: Some studies suggest that ginger can improve blood sugar control and insulin sensitivity in people with diabetes.
How to use dried ginger pieces:
- Culinary uses: Add dried ginger pieces to dishes like curries, stews, soups, stir-fries, and marinades for a spicy, warming flavor. You can also use it in baking recipes like gingerbread cookies, cakes, and breads.
- Tea: To make ginger tea, steep dried ginger pieces in hot water for 5-10 minutes. Strain, add honey or lemon if desired, and enjoy.
- Smoothies: Incorporate dried ginger pieces into your smoothies for an extra kick and added health benefits.
- Spice blend: Combine dried ginger pieces with other spices like cinnamon, nutmeg, and cloves to create your own custom spice blend.
- Potpourri: Use dried ginger pieces in a potpourri mix to add a pleasant aroma to your home.
Always start with a small amount of dried ginger to assess your tolerance, as it can be quite potent. If you're pregnant, breastfeeding, or have any medical conditions, consult with a healthcare professional before using ginger as a supplement.
Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Ginger
Translation in English by Google Translate (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page
International Latin denomination
Zingiber officinale Roscoe
Description and habitat
- Tall, reed-like, perennial tropical herb with linear lanceolate leaves, native to Asia
- Long stem with dense inflorescence, white or yellow flowers surrounded by bracts
- Rhizomatous strain bearing eyes that give rise to buds
- India (West), Benin
- Ginger is found in all tropical areas
History and tradition
- Prized since ancient times
- It was thought in the Middle Ages that it came from the Garden of Eden
- Cultivated as a spice and condiment in all tropical countries, Jamaica, India, China, West Indies, Australia, etc.
- Part of the Fioravanti alcoholate
- Enters into the composition of certain beers (ginger-ale)
- The botanical name Zingiber comes from the Sanskrit word shringavera , which means “shaped like deer antlers”, referring to the shape of the young shoots emerging from its rhizome 
- Rhizomes (which are shaped like a hand), essential oil
Dosage forms available
- Motion sickness: rhizome powder 750 mg before leaving on a trip
- Mild gastrointestinal disorders, spasms, bloating, flatulence: 180 mg three times daily 
- Need for quality control and standardization of ginger food supplements, with quantitative analysis of gingerols and shogaols 
Main components of the plant
- Essential oil (2.5 to 3%):
- Arylalkanes : gingerols , shogaols ( vanilloids ), paradols , gingerenones A and B ( galanolactone in Chinese variety)
- Gingersulfonic acid , pipecolic acid , cinnamic acid , glycerols
- Starch (50%), sugars, lipids (3 to 8%)
- Vitamin A and vitamin B (niacin)
Main components of buds or young shoots
Main components of essential oil
- Sesquiterpenes : ginger (30%), ar-curcumin (2-5%), beta-bisabolene (3-6%), gammabisabolene , alpha-farnesene (4-5%), ginger , beta-sesquiphellandrene (10%)
- Monoterpenes : camphene , geranial , neral , linalool , citronellal , etc.
- Arylalkanes : gingerols , shogaols , paradols , gingerenones A and B ( galanolactone in Chinese variety)
- Gingersulfonic acid , pipecolic acid , cinnamic acid , glycerols
- Stomachic, digestive, tonic, increases salivary flow and intestinal peristalsis  , anti-ulcer
- Anti-nausea, powerful anti-emetic  ,  ,  , superior to placebo and as effective as metoclopramide in postoperative nausea and vomiting  , or induced by chemotherapy  at the dose of 2 grams ( shogaols and gingerols ) action on D2 and 5HT3 receptors
- Gastric protector  , in vitro action on Helicobacter pylori 
- Hepatoprotector 
- Anti-inflammatory  ,  ,  ,  ,  , presumably by inhibiting the synthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes ( gingerols and gingerenones ) 
- Especially muscular analgesic  , antirheumatic
- Antioxidant ( curcumin , gingerol ), contains shogaols and paradol , among the most powerful anti-free radicals
- Immunostimulant , 
- DNA Protection 
- Reputed to be an aphrodisiac, increases sperm count and motility 
- Antidiabetic  by inhibition of alpha-glucosidase 
- Hypolipidémiant , hypocholestérolémiant, anti-thrombotique
- Cardiac tonic ( gingerol )  ,  , antimigraine 
- Antiviral against respiratory syncytial virus RSV (fresh ginger)  , rhinoviruses ( sesquiterpenes )  , avian influenza  , chikungunya virus 
- Molluscicide, antischistozomiasis and bilharziasis by shogaols and gingerols
- Antimutagen ( gingerol and zingerone )
- Inhibits the growth and modulates the secretion of angiogenic factors in ovarian cancer cells, in hepatoma cells (HepG2)  . Ginger supplements have a particular interest in the prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer ( 6-gingerol and especially 6-shogaol ) 
- Renal protection against cisplatin toxicity 
- Tonic and cholesterol-lowering properties
- Antibacterial action against Bacillus subtilis , Bacillus anthracis , Staphylococcus aureus , Salmonella tiphi , Escherichia coli  and Proteus mirabilis
- Antiviral activity against Herpes virus  , and influenza virus 
- The presence of ginger in a formulation improves its bioavailability 
Properties of essential oil
- Analgesic and anti-inflammatory  ,  ,  , topical anti-inflammatory 
- Antifungal 
- Immunostimulant, opposes immunosuppression 
- Digestive tonic, stomachic, slightly laxative, carminative, appetizer, anti-nausea 
- Anti-ulcer (synergy of a moiety containing alpha-zingiberene , beta-sesquiphellandrene , bisabolene , and curcumene ) 
- Sexual tonic, aphrodisiac
- A sedative without anxiolytic activity, high doses of ginger essential oil in mice induce behavioral and memory alterations due to antagonistic activity on the central muscarinic cholinergic system 
- Antispasmodique, antitussive et expectorante
Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)
- Gastritis, dyspepsia, lack of appetite, motion sickness
- Nausea from chemotherapy  , 
- Nausea of pregnancy  ,  , 
- stomach ulcers
- Metabolic syndrome 
- Obesity 
- Migraines, chronic rheumatic pains
- Dysmenorrhea 
- Ovarian cancer
Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)
Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)
- Aerophagia, flatulence, meteorism, constipation, nausea, anorexia, inappetence
- Arthritis, osteoarthritis, local rheumatism (knees)  , muscle fatigue, low back pain (in massage)  , muscle and joint pain
- Cerebral asthenia and lack of sensitivity
- Alopecia, male impotence, frigidity
- Cough, bronchitis, sinusitis, chronic catarrh
Known or suspected mode of action
- Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis
- French Pharmacopoeia list A (rhizome)
Possible side effects and precautions for use
- The official recommendations are to avoid it in pregnant women (very often used nevertheless in the nausea of pregnancy)
- According to the EMA, there appears to be no malformative or foeto/neonatal toxicity of ginger root, animal studies are insufficient with respect to reproductive toxicity, so as a precautionary measure it is best to avoid use during pregnancy and lactation 
- Non-toxic, non-mutagenic, safe in pregnancy according to Iranian studies 
- Avoid in case of cholelithiasis
- Recommended in case of adverse effects of conventional anti-nausea 
- Pharmacokinetic interactions:
- Moderate induction of CYP 3A4, 2C19, 2D6, 1A2, and P-gP
- Few drug interactions 
- Pharmacodynamic interactions:
- Potential interactions with anticoagulants (risk of bleeding due to inhibition of platelet aggregation)  , 
- Inhibition of platelet aggregation by inhibition of thromboxane synthase ( in vitro ) 
- Nevertheless, ginger did not exert an antithrombotic effect on humans in vivo during a study where 18 healthy subjects consumed 15 g of raw ginger root, 40 g of cooked ginger or a placebo daily for three times two weeks 
- On the other hand, in another study, ginger acts as an inhibitor of platelet aggregation, but only in subjects who consumed 100 g of butter for 7 days .
- Risk of interactions with warfarin 
- Inhibition of the effect of ranitidine due to mucoadhesive properties of Curcuma longa and curcumin extracts 
- Essential oil :
- Possible allergic-type sensitization
- Skin irritation (dermocaustic) possible from pure essential oil
- Ginger is used in the composition of Soshiho-tang, a preparation of traditional Chinese or Japanese medicine plants with good tolerance (with Bupleurum falcatum , Pinellia ternate , Scutellaria baicalensis , Zizyphus jujuba , Panax ginseng , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Zingiber officinale ) [74 ]
- Go↑ Anne Bootin. Ginger: from its ancestral use to a promising future. Thesis in pharmaceutical sciences. Nancy. 2017. ⟨hal-01932085⟩
- ↑Go to :2,0 et 2,1 Community herbal monograph on Zingiber officinale Roscoe, rhizoma. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) 27 March 2012. EMA/HMPC/749154/2010 texte intégral
- Go↑ Tao Y, Li W, Liang W, Van Breemen RB. Identification and quantification of gingerols and related compounds in ginger dietary supplements using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11;57(21):10014-21. doi: 10.1021/jf9020224. PMID 19817455
- Go↑ O'Hara, M., Kiefer, D., Farrell, K., & Kemper, K. (1998). A review of 12 commonly used medicinal herbs. Archives of family medicine, 7(6), 523–536. https://doi.org/10.1001/archfami.7.6.523. PMID 9821826
- Go↑ Ahmed, S., Hasan, M. M., Ahmed, S. W., Mahmood, Z. A., Azhar, I., & Habtemariam, S. (2013). Anti-emetic effects of bioactive natural products. Phytopharmacology, 4(2), 390-433.
- Go↑ Xia, L., Xian, Y., Feng, X., Cheng, Q., Chen, S., Li, Y., ... & Nie, K. (2020). The Antiemetic Effect of Xiao-Ban-Xia-Tang Formula is Associated With Regulating CaM/CaMKII/ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway in Cisplatin and 1-phenylbiguanide Hydrochloride Induced Rat Pica Models.
- Go↑ Tian, L., Qian, W., Qian, Q., Zhang, W., & Cai, X. (2020). Gingerol inhibits cisplatin-induced acute and delayed emesis in rats and minks by regulating the central and peripheral 5-HT, SP, and DA systems. Journal of natural medicines, 74(2), 353-370.
- Go↑ Ernst E, Pittler MH. Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Br J Anaesth. 2000 Mar;84(3):367-71. PMID 10793599 texte intégral
- Go↑ S.S Sharma, V Kochupillai, S.K Gupta, S.D Seth, Y.K Gupta. Antiemetic efficacy of ginger (Zingiber officinale) against cisplatin-induced emesis in dogs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 57, Issue 2, July 1997, Pages 93-96 PMID 9254112
- Go↑ M. Khushtar, V. Kumar, K. Javed, and Uma Bhandari. Protective Effect of Ginger oil on Aspirin and Pylorus Ligation-Induced Gastric Ulcer model in Rats. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Sep–Oct; 71(5): 554–558. PMID 20502577
- Go↑ Mahady GB, Pendland SL, Stoia A, Hamill FA, Fabricant D, Dietz BM, Chadwick LR. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Phytother Res. 2005 Nov;19(11):988-91.PMID 16317658
- Go↑ Abdulaziz Bardi D, Halabi MF, Abdullah NA, Rouhollahi E, Hajrezaie M, Abdulla MA. In Vivo Evaluation of Ethanolic Extract of Zingiber officinale Rhizomes for Its Protective Effect against Liver Cirrhosis. BioMed Research International. 2013;2013:918460. doi:10.1155/2013/918460. PMID: 24396831
- Go↑ Grzanna, R., Lindmark, L., & Frondoza, C. G. (2005). Ginger--an herbal medicinal product with broad anti-inflammatory actions. Journal of medicinal food, 8(2), 125–132. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2005.8.125 PMID 16117603
- Go↑ Penna, S.C., Medeiros, M.V. Anti-inflammatory effect of the hydralcoholic extract of Zingiber officinale rhizomes on rat paw and skin edema. Phytomed 2003; 10(5): 381-385. PMID 12834002
- Go↑ M. Thomson, K. K. Al-Qattan, S. M. Al-Sawan, M. A. Alnaqeeb, I. Khan, M. Ali. The use of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) as a potential anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic agent. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, Volume 67, Issue 6, December 2002, Pages 475-478. PMID 12468270
- Go↑ Shen CL, Hong KJ, Kim SW. Effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) on decreasing the production of inflammatory mediators in sow osteoarthrotic cartilage explants. J Med Food. 2003 Winter;6(4):323-8. PMID 14977440
- Go↑ Altman RD, Marcussen KC. Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Nov;44(11):2531-8. PMID 11710709
- Go↑ Srivastava K.C., Mustafa T. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in rheumatism and musculoskeletal disorders. Med Hypotheses. 1992 Dec;39(4):342-8. PMID 1494322
- Go↑ Black CD, Herring MP, Hurley DJ, O'Connor PJ. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) reduces muscle pain caused by eccentric exercise. J Pain. 2010 Sep;11(9):894-903. doi: 10.1016/j.jpain.2009.12.013. PMID 20418184
- Go↑ He SM, Li CG, Liu JP, Chan E, Duan W, Zhou SF. Disposition pathways and pharmacokinetics of herbal medicines in humans. Curr Med Chem. 2010;17(33):4072-113. PMID 20939821
- Go↑ Ulbricht C, Basch E, Weissner W, Hackman D. An evidence-based systematic review of herb and supplement interactions by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration. Expert Opin Drug Saf. 2006 Sep;5(5):719-28. PMID 16907661
- Go↑ R. Jayakumar, M.S. Kanthimathi. Dietary spices protect against hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage and inhibit nicotine-induced cancer cell migration. Food Chemistry journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/foodchem
- Go↑ Qureshi S, Shah AH, Tariq M, Ageel AM. Studies on herbal aphrodisiacs used in Arab system of medicine. Am J Chin Med. 1989;17(1-2):57-63. PMID 2589237
- Go↑ Akhani, S. P., Vishwakarma, S. L., & Goyal, R. K. (2004). Anti-diabetic activity of Zingiber officinale in streptozotocin-induced type I diabetic rats. The Journal of pharmacy and pharmacology, 56(1), 101–105. https://doi.org/10.1211/0022357022403 PMID 14980006
- Go↑ Abeysekara, W. K. S. M., Chandrasekara, A. and Liyanage, P. K. 2007, Amylase and glucosidase enzyme inhibitory activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) an in vitro study, Tropical agricultural research, vol. 19, pp. 128-135. texte intégral
- Go↑ Al-Amin ZM, Thomson M, Al-Qattan KK, Peltonen-Shalaby R, Ali M. Anti-diabetic and hypolipidaemic properties of ginger (Zingiber officinale) in streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats. Br J Nutr. 2006 Oct;96(4):660-6. PMID 17010224
- Go↑ N. Shoji, A. Iwasa, T. Takemoto, Y. Ishida, Y. Ohizumi. Cardiotonic principles of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe). Journal of Pharmaceutical Sciences, Volume 71, Issue 10, pages 1174–1175, October 1982
- Go↑ Kobayashi M, Ishida Y, Shoji N, Ohizumi Y. Cardiotonic action of -gingerol, an activator of the Ca++-pumping adenosine triphosphatase of sarcoplasmic reticulum, in guinea pig atrial muscle. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1988 Aug;246(2):667-73. PMID 2457078
- Go↑ Mustafa T, Srivastava KC. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in migraine headache. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Jul;29(3):267-73. PMID 2214812
- Go↑ Jung San Chang, Kuo Chih Wang, Chia Feng Yeh, Den En Shieh, Lien Chai Chiang. Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 145, Issue 1, 2013, Pages 146-151, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.10.043.
- Go↑ Clive V. Denyer, Peter Jackson, David M. Loakes, Malcolm R. Ellis, David A. B. Young. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes from Ginger (Zingiber officinale). J. Nat. Prod. 1994, 57, 5, 658-662, May 1, 1994 https://doi.org/10.1021/np50107a017
- Go↑ Ahmed, I., Aslam, A., Mustafa, G., Masood, S., Ali, M. A., & Nawaz, M. (2017). Anti-avian influenza virus H9N2 activity of aqueous extracts of Zingiber officinalis (Ginger) and Allium sativum (Garlic) in chick embryos. Pak. J. Pharm. Sci, 30(4), 1341-1344.
- Go↑ Kaushik, S., Jangra, G., Kundu, V., Yadav, JP, & Kaushik, S. (2020). Anti-viral activity of Zingiber officinale (Ginger) ingredients against the Chikungunya virus. VirusDisease, 1.
- Go↑ El-Wahab, A & Eladawi, Hala & El Demellawy, Maha. (2009). In vitro study of the antiviral activity of Zingiber officinale. Planta Medica - PLANTA MED. 75. 10.1055/s-0029-1234649.
- Go↑ S Abdullah. Antiproliferative, Antioxidant and Apoptosis Effects of Zingiber officinale and 6-Gingerol on HepG2 Cells. Asian J. Biochem. 2010, 2 (6): 421-426 
- Go↑ Rhode Jennifer et all. Ginger inhibits cell growth and modulates angiogenic factors in ovarian cancer cells. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 20 December 2007
- Go↑ T.A. Ajith, V. Nivitha, S. Usha. Zingiber officinale Roscoe alone and in combination with α-tocopherol protect the kidney against cisplatin-induced acute renal failure. Food and Chemical Toxicology, Volume 45, Issue 6, June 2007, Pages 921-927 
- Go↑ Sharma A, Chandraker S, Patel VK, Ramteke P. Antibacterial Activity of Medicinal Plants Against Pathogens causing Complicated Urinary Tract Infections. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Mar;71(2):136-9. doi: 10.4103/0250-474X.54279. PMID 20336211
- Go↑ Schnitzler P, Koch C, Reichling J. Susceptibility of drug-resistant clinical herpes simplex virus type 1 strains to essential oils of ginger, thyme, hyssop, and sandalwood. Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2007 May;51(5):1859-62. PMID 17353250
- Go↑ Wang X, Jia W, Zhao A, Wang X. Anti-influenza agents from plants and traditional Chinese medicine. Phytother Res. 2006 May;20(5):335-41. PMID 16619359
- Go↑ Dudhatra, G. B., Mody, S. K., Awale, M. M., Patel, H. B., Modi, C. M., Kumar, A., Kamani, D. R., & Chauhan, B. N. (2012). A comprehensive review on pharmacotherapeutics of herbal bioenhancers. TheScientificWorldJournal, 2012, 637953. https://doi.org/10.1100/2012/637953. PMID 23028251
- Go↑ Vendruscolo A, Takaki I, Bersani-Amado LE, Dantas JA, Bersani-Amado CA, Cuman RK. Antiinflammatory and antinociceptive activities of zingiber officinale roscoe essential oil in experimental animal models. Indian J Pharmacol 2006;38:58-9 
- Go^ Gessilda Alcantara Nogueira de Melo, Renata Grespan, Jefferson Pitelli Fonseca, Thiago Oliveira Farinha, Expedito Leite Silva, Adriano Lopes Romero, Ciomar A. Bersani-Amado, Roberto Kenji Nakamura Cuman. Inhibitory effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) essential oil on leukocyte migration in vivo and in vitro. Journal of Natural Medicines. 2011; 65(1): 241 
- Go↑ Kottarapat Jeena, Vijayastelter B Liju, Ramadasan Kuttan. Antioxidant, Anti-Inflammatory and Antinociceptive Activities of Essential Oil From Ginger. Indian J Physiol Pharmacol. Jan-Mar 2013;57(1):51-62. PMID 24020099
- Go↑ Komeh-Nkrumah SA, Nanjundaiah SM, Rajaiah R, Yu H, Moudgil KD. Topical dermal application of essential oils attenuates the severity of adjuvant arthritis in Lewis rats. Phytotherapy Research. 2012;26(1):54-59. doi:10.1002/ptr.3509. texte intégral
- Go↑ Pozzatti P, Scheid LA, Spader TB, Atayde ML, Santurio JM, Alves SH. In vitro activity of essential oils extracted from plants used as spices against fluconazole-resistant and fluconazole-susceptible Candida spp. Can J Microbiol. 2008 Nov;54(11):950-6. PMID 18997851
- Go↑ Carrasco FR, Schmidt G, Romero AL, Sartoretto JL, Caparroz-Assef SM, Bersani-Amado CA, Cuman RK. Immunomodulatory activity of Zingiber officinale Roscoe, Salvia officinalis L. and Syzygium aromaticum L. essential oils: evidence for humor- and cell-mediated responses. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2009 Jul;61(7):961-7. doi: 10.1211/jpp/61.07.0017. PMID 19589240
- Go↑ de Pradier E. Trial of a mixture of three essential oils in the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Phytotherapy. Volume 4, Number 4, 181-187 
- Go↑ Williamson EM. Synergy and other interactions in phytomedicines. Phytomedicine. 2001 Sep;8(5):401-9. PMID 11695885
- Go↑ Felipe, Cícero & Fonsêca, Kamyla & Barbosa, André & Bezerra, Jose & Neto, Manoel & Fonteles, M.M. & Viana, Glauce. (2008). Alterations in behavior and memory induced by the essential oil of Zingiber officinale Roscoe (ginger) in mice are cholinergic-dependent. J. Med. Plants Res.. 2. 163-170.
- Go↑ Haniadka R, Rajeev AG, Palatty PL, Arora R, Baliga MS. Zingiber officinale (ginger) as an anti-emetic in cancer chemotherapy: a review. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 May;18(5):440-4. doi: 10.1089/acm.2010.0737. PMID 22540971
- Go↑ Marx WM, Teleni L, McCarthy AL, Vitetta L, McKavanagh D, Thomson D, Isenring E. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) and chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting: a systematic literature review. Nutr Rev. 2013 Apr;71(4):245-54. doi: 10.1111/nure.12016. PMID 23550785
- Go↑ Stanisiere, J., Mousset, P. Y., & Lafay, S. (2018). How safe is ginger rhizome for decreasing nausea and vomiting in women during early pregnancy?. Foods, 7(4), 50.
- Go↑ Lete, I., & Alluέ, J. (2016). The effectiveness of ginger in the prevention of nausea and vomiting during pregnancy and chemotherapy. Integrative medicine insights, 11, IMI-S36273.
- Go↑ Viljoen, E., Visser, J., Koen, N. et al. A systematic review and meta-analysis of the effect and safety of ginger in the treatment of pregnancy-associated nausea and vomiting. Nutr J 13, 20 (2014). https://doi.org/10.1186/1475-2891-13-20
- Go↑ Wang J, Ke W, Bao R, Hu X, Chen F. Beneficial effects of ginger Zingiber officinale Roscoe on obesity and metabolic syndrome: a review. Ann N Y Acad Sci. 2017 Jun;1398(1):83-98. doi: 10.1111/nyas.13375. PMID 28505392
- Go↑ Ebrahimzadeh Attari V, Malek Mahdavi A, Javadivala Z, Mahluji S, Zununi Vahed S, Ostadrahimi A. A systematic review of the anti-obesity and weight lowering effect of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) and its mechanisms of action. Phytother Res. 2018 Apr;32(4):577-585. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5986. PMID 29193411
- Go↑ Rahnama P, Montazeri A, Fallah Huseini H, kianbakht S, Naseri M. Effect of Zingiber officinale R. rhizomes (ginger) on pain relief in primary dysmenorrhea: a placebo randomized trial. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:92 (10 July 2012) Abstract Texte intégral
- Go↑ Karaman S, Karaman T, Tapar H, Dogru S, Suren M. A randomized placebo-controlled study of aromatherapy for the treatment of postoperative nausea and vomiting. Complement Ther Med. 2019 Feb;42:417-421. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2018.12.019. PMID 30670276
- Go↑ Lua PL, Salihah N, Mazlan N. Effects of inhaled ginger aromatherapy on chemotherapy-induced nausea and vomiting and health-related quality of life in women with breast cancer. Complement Ther Med. 2015 Jun;23(3):396-404. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2015.03.009. PMID 26051575
- Go↑ Evans A, Malvar J, Garretson C, Pedroja Kolovos E, Baron Nelson M. The Use of Aromatherapy to Reduce Chemotherapy-Induced Nausea in Children With Cancer: A Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial. J Pediatr Oncol Nurs. 2018 Nov/Dec;35(6):392-398. doi: 10.1177/1043454218782133. PMID 29947285
- Go↑ Yip YB, Tam AC. An experimental study on the effectiveness of massage with aromatic ginger and orange essential oil for moderate-to-severe knee pain among the elderly in Hong Kong. Complement Ther Med. 2008 Jun;16(3):131-8. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2007.12.003. PMID 18534325
- Go↑ Sritoomma N, Moyle W, Cooke M, O'Dwyer S. The effectiveness of Swedish massage with aromatic ginger oil in treating chronic low back pain in older adults: a randomized controlled trial. Complement Ther Med. 2014 Feb;22(1):26-33. doi: 10.1016/j.ctim.2013.11.002. PMID 24559813
- Go↑ Soleimani, V., Sahebkar, A., & Hosseinzadeh, H. (2018). Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and its major constituent (curcumin) as nontoxic and safe substances: Review. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 32(6), 985–995. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6054. PMID 29480523
- Go↑ Giacosa A, Morazzoni P, Bombardelli E, Riva A, Bianchi Porro G, Rondanelli M. Can nausea and vomiting be treated with ginger extract? Eur Rev Med Pharmacol Sci. 2015 Apr;19(7):1291-6. PMID 25912592
- Go↑ Qiu JX, Zhou ZW, He ZX, Zhang X, Zhou SF, Zhu S. Estimation of the binding modes with important human cytochrome P450 enzymes, drug interaction potential, pharmacokinetics, and hepatotoxicity of ginger components using molecular docking, computational, and pharmacokinetic modeling studies. Drug Des Devel Ther. 2015 Feb 16;9:841-66. doi: 10.2147/DDDT.S74669. eCollection 2015. PMID 25733806
- Go↑ Natural health products, to better advise patients. Reference document of the College of Physicians and the Order of Pharmacists of Quebec, 2004 
- Go↑ Akram, M., Shah, M. I., Usmanghan, K., Mohiuddin, E., Sami, A., Asif, M., ... & Shaheen, G. (2011). Zingiber officinale roscoe (A medicinal plant). Pakistan Journal of Nutrition, 10(4), 399-400.
- Go↑ Backon J. Ginger: inhibition of thromboxane synthetase and stimulation of prostacyclin: relevance for medicine and psychiatry. Med Hypotheses. 1986 Jul;20(3):271-8. PMID 3528776
- Go↑ Janssen PL, Meyboom S, van Staveren WA, de Vegt F, Katan MB. Consumption of ginger (Zingiber officinale roscoe) does not affect ex vivo platelet thromboxane production in humans. Eur J Clin Nutr. 1996 Nov;50(11):772-4. PMID 8933126
- Go↑ Verma SK, Singh J, Khamesra R, Bordia A. Effect of ginger on platelet aggregation in man. Indian J Med Res. 1993 Oct;98:240-2. PMID 8119760
- Go↑ Heck AM, DeWitt BA, Lukes AL. Potential interactions between alternative therapies and warfarin. Am J Health Syst Pharm. 2000 Jul 1;57(13):1221-7; quiz 1228-30. PMID 10902065
- Go↑ Orona-Ortiz, A., Medina-Torres, L., Velázquez-Moyado, J. A., Pineda-Peña, E. A., Balderas-López, J. L., Bernad-Bernad, M. J., Tavares Carvalho, J. C., & Navarrete, A. (2019). Mucoadhesive effect of Curcuma longa extract and curcumin decreases the ranitidine effect, but not bismuth subsalicylate on ethanol-induced ulcer model. Scientific reports, 9(1), 16622. https://doi.org/10.1038/s41598-019-53089-2. PMID 31719599
- Go↑ Shin IS, Lee MY, Kim Y, Seo CS, Kim JH, Shin HK. Subacute toxicity and stability of Soshiho-tang, a traditional herbal formula, in Sprague--Dawley rats. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:266 (27 December 2012) Abstract, Provisional PDF
- Wichtl Max, Anton Robert. Therapeutic plants: Tradition, officinal practice, science and therapy. Ed. Tec & Doc. Cachan. 1999.p. 610
- Tsai et al. Antioxidant and anti-inflamatory activities of several commonly used spices. Journal of food science 2005; 70(1) :93-97.
- N. Mascolo, R. Jain, S.C. Jain, F. Capasso. Ethnopharmacologic investigation of ginger (Zingiber officinale). Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 27, Issues 1-2, November 1989, Pages 129-140
- Tullayakorn Plengsuriyakarn, Vithoon Viyanant, Veerachai Eursitthichai, Pornthipa Picha, Piengchai Kupradinant, Arunporn Itharat, Kesara Na-Bangchang. Anticancer activities against cholangiocarcinoma, toxicity and pharmacological activities of Thai medicinal plants in animal models. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 
Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.
Do not exceed the daily dose.
This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.
This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.
This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.