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Ginger Pieces Dried - Herbal Collection - 75 g

R 5900
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Description
Ginger Pieces Dried - Herbal Collection - 75 g

TRADITIONALLY USED FOR

 May help with

 

  • stomachic - Digestion - Gastro protector
  • Tonic
  • Hepatoprotection
  • anti-inflammatory
  • muscular analgesic - antirheumatic
  • aphrodisiac
  • antidiabetic
  • migraine
  • antiviral - cold - flu

INFORMATION

Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Ginger

 

Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org

 

Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page

 

plant name

 

Ginger

 

International Latin denomination

 

Zingiber officinale Roscoe

 

botanical family

 

Zingiberaceae

 

Description and habitat

 

  • Tall, reed-like, perennial tropical herb with linear lanceolate leaves, native to Asia
  • Long stem with dense inflorescence, white or yellow flowers surrounded by bracts
  • Rhizomatous strain bearing eyes that give rise to buds
  • India (West), Benin
    • Ginger is found in all tropical areas

 

History and tradition

 

  • Prized since ancient times
  • It was thought in the Middle Ages that it came from the Garden of Eden
  • Cultivated as a spice and condiment in all tropical countries, Jamaica, India, China, West Indies, Australia, etc.
  • Part of the Fioravanti alcoholate
  • Enters into the composition of certain beers (ginger-ale)
  • The botanical name Zingiber comes from the Sanskrit word shringavera , which means “shaped like deer antlers”, referring to the shape of the young shoots emerging from its rhizome [1]

 

Parts used

 

 

Dosage forms available

 

 

Usual dosages

 

  • Motion sickness: rhizome powder 750 mg before leaving on a trip
  • Mild gastrointestinal disorders, spasms, bloating, flatulence: 180 mg three times daily [2]
  • Need for quality control and standardization of ginger food supplements, with quantitative analysis of gingerols and shogaols [3]

 

Composition

 

Main components of the plant

 

 

Main components of buds or young shoots

 

Main components of essential oil

 

 

Properties

 

Plant properties

 

  • Stomachic, digestive, tonic, increases salivary flow and intestinal peristalsis [4] , anti-ulcer
  • Anti-nausea, powerful anti-emetic [5] , [6] , [7] , superior to placebo and as effective as metoclopramide in postoperative nausea and vomiting [8] , or induced by chemotherapy [9] at the dose of 2 grams ( shogaols and gingerols ) action on D2 and 5HT3 receptors
  • Gastric protector [10] , in vitro action on Helicobacter pylori [11]
  • Hepatoprotector [12]
  • Anti-inflammatory [13] , [14] , [15] , [16] , [17] , presumably by inhibiting the synthesis of prostaglandins and leukotrienes ( gingerols and gingerenones ) [18]
  • Especially muscular analgesic [19] , antirheumatic
  • Antioxidant ( curcumin , gingerol ), contains shogaols and paradol , among the most powerful anti-free radicals
  • Immunostimulant [20], [21]
  • DNA Protection [22]
  • Reputed to be an aphrodisiac, increases sperm count and motility [23]
  • Antidiabetic [24] by inhibition of alpha-glucosidase [25]
  • Hypolipidémiant [26], hypocholestérolémiant, anti-thrombotique
  • Cardiac tonic ( gingerol ) [27] , [28] , antimigraine [29]
  • Antiviral against respiratory syncytial virus RSV (fresh ginger) [30] , rhinoviruses ( sesquiterpenes ) [31] , avian influenza [32] , chikungunya virus [33]
  • Molluscicide, antischistozomiasis and bilharziasis by shogaols and gingerols
  • Antimutagen ( gingerol and zingerone )
  • Inhibits the growth and modulates the secretion of angiogenic factors in ovarian cancer cells, in hepatoma cells (HepG2) [35] . Ginger supplements have a particular interest in the prevention and treatment of ovarian cancer ( 6-gingerol and especially 6-shogaol ) [36]
  • Renal protection against cisplatin toxicity [37]
  • Tonic and cholesterol-lowering properties
  • Antibacterial action against Bacillus subtilis , Bacillus anthracis , Staphylococcus aureus , Salmonella tiphi , Escherichia coli [38] and Proteus mirabilis
  • Antiviral activity against Herpes virus [39] , and influenza virus [40]
  • The presence of ginger in a formulation improves its bioavailability [41]

 

Bud properties

 

Properties of essential oil

 

  • Analgesic and anti-inflammatory [42] , [43] , [44] , topical anti-inflammatory [45]
  • Antifungal [46]
  • Immunostimulant, opposes immunosuppression [47]
  • Digestive tonic, stomachic, slightly laxative, carminative, appetizer, anti-nausea [48]
  • Anti-ulcer (synergy of a moiety containing alpha-zingiberene , beta-sesquiphellandrene , bisabolene , and curcumene ) [49]
  • Sexual tonic, aphrodisiac
  • A sedative without anxiolytic activity, high doses of ginger essential oil in mice induce behavioral and memory alterations due to antagonistic activity on the central muscarinic cholinergic system [50]
  • Antispasmodique, antitussive et expectorante

 

Indications

 

Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)

 

  • Gastritis, dyspepsia, lack of appetite, motion sickness
  • Nausea from chemotherapy [51] , [52]
  • Nausea of ​​pregnancy [53] , [54] , [55]
  • stomach ulcers
  • Metabolic syndrome [56]
  • Obesity [57]
  • Migraines, chronic rheumatic pains
  • Dysmenorrhea [58]
  • Ovarian cancer

 

Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)

 

Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)

 

  • Aerophagia, flatulence, meteorism, constipation, nausea, anorexia, inappetence
    • The essential oil appears to be effective in post-operative nausea [59] , but the evidence for the efficacy of inhalation of ginger EO in nausea due to chemotherapy is not sufficiently convincing [60] , [ 61]
  • Arthritis, osteoarthritis, local rheumatism (knees) [62] , muscle fatigue, low back pain (in massage) [63] , muscle and joint pain
  • Cerebral asthenia and lack of sensitivity
  • Alopecia, male impotence, frigidity
  • Cough, bronchitis, sinusitis, chronic catarrh

 

Known or suspected mode of action

 

  • Inhibition of prostaglandin and leukotriene synthesis

 

Usual formulations

 

Regulations

 

 

Possible side effects and precautions for use

 

  • The official recommendations are to avoid it in pregnant women (very often used nevertheless in the nausea of ​​pregnancy)
    • According to the EMA, there appears to be no malformative or foeto/neonatal toxicity of ginger root, animal studies are insufficient with respect to reproductive toxicity, so as a precautionary measure it is best to avoid use during pregnancy and lactation [2]
  • Non-toxic, non-mutagenic, safe in pregnancy according to Iranian studies [64]
  • Avoid in case of cholelithiasis
  • Recommended in case of adverse effects of conventional anti-nausea [65]
  • Pharmacokinetic interactions:
    • Moderate induction of CYP 3A4, 2C19, 2D6, 1A2, and P-gP
    • Few drug interactions [66]
  • Pharmacodynamic interactions:
    • Potential interactions with anticoagulants (risk of bleeding due to inhibition of platelet aggregation) [67] , [68]
    • Inhibition of platelet aggregation by inhibition of thromboxane synthase ( in vitro ) [69]
      • Nevertheless, ginger did not exert an antithrombotic effect on humans in vivo during a study where 18 healthy subjects consumed 15 g of raw ginger root, 40 g of cooked ginger or a placebo daily for three times two weeks [70]
      • On the other hand, in another study, ginger acts as an inhibitor of platelet aggregation, but only in subjects who consumed 100 g of butter for 7 days [71].
    • Risk of interactions with warfarin [72]
    • Inhibition of the effect of ranitidine due to mucoadhesive properties of Curcuma longa and curcumin extracts [73]
  • Essential oil :
    • Possible allergic-type sensitization
    • Skin irritation (dermocaustic) possible from pure essential oil
  • Ginger is used in the composition of Soshiho-tang, a preparation of traditional Chinese or Japanese medicine plants with good tolerance (with Bupleurum falcatum , Pinellia ternate , Scutellaria baicalensis , Zizyphus jujuba , Panax ginseng , Glycyrrhiza uralensis , Zingiber officinale ) [74 ]

 

Bibliographic references

 

  1. Go↑ Anne Bootin. Ginger: from its ancestral use to a promising future. Thesis in pharmaceutical sciences. Nancy. 2017. ⟨hal-01932085⟩
  2. Go to :2,0 et 2,1 Community herbal monograph on Zingiber officinale Roscoe, rhizoma. Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC) 27 March 2012. EMA/HMPC/749154/2010 texte intégral
  3. Go↑ Tao Y, Li W, Liang W, Van Breemen RB. Identification and quantification of gingerols and related compounds in ginger dietary supplements using high-performance liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry. J Agric Food Chem. 2009 Nov 11;57(21):10014-21. doi: 10.1021/jf9020224. PMID 19817455
  4. Go↑ O'Hara, M., Kiefer, D., Farrell, K., & Kemper, K. (1998). A review of 12 commonly used medicinal herbs. Archives of family medicine, 7(6), 523–536. https://doi.org/10.1001/archfami.7.6.523. PMID 9821826
  5. Go↑ Ahmed, S., Hasan, M. M., Ahmed, S. W., Mahmood, Z. A., Azhar, I., & Habtemariam, S. (2013). Anti-emetic effects of bioactive natural products. Phytopharmacology, 4(2), 390-433.
  6. Go↑ Xia, L., Xian, Y., Feng, X., Cheng, Q., Chen, S., Li, Y., ... & Nie, K. (2020). The Antiemetic Effect of Xiao-Ban-Xia-Tang Formula is Associated With Regulating CaM/CaMKII/ERK1/2 Signaling Pathway in Cisplatin and 1-phenylbiguanide Hydrochloride Induced Rat Pica Models.
  7. Go↑ Tian, L., Qian, W., Qian, Q., Zhang, W., & Cai, X. (2020). Gingerol inhibits cisplatin-induced acute and delayed emesis in rats and minks by regulating the central and peripheral 5-HT, SP, and DA systems. Journal of natural medicines, 74(2), 353-370.
  8. Go↑ Ernst E, Pittler MH. Efficacy of ginger for nausea and vomiting: a systematic review of randomized clinical trials. Br J Anaesth. 2000 Mar;84(3):367-71. PMID 10793599 texte intégral
  9. Go↑ S.S Sharma, V Kochupillai, S.K Gupta, S.D Seth, Y.K Gupta. Antiemetic efficacy of ginger (Zingiber officinale) against cisplatin-induced emesis in dogs. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 57, Issue 2, July 1997, Pages 93-96 PMID 9254112
  10. Go↑ M. Khushtar, V. Kumar, K. Javed, and Uma Bhandari. Protective Effect of Ginger oil on Aspirin and Pylorus Ligation-Induced Gastric Ulcer model in Rats. Indian J Pharm Sci. 2009 Sep–Oct; 71(5): 554–558. PMID 20502577
  11. Go↑ Mahady GB, Pendland SL, Stoia A, Hamill FA, Fabricant D, Dietz BM, Chadwick LR. In vitro susceptibility of Helicobacter pylori to botanical extracts used traditionally for the treatment of gastrointestinal disorders. Phytother Res. 2005 Nov;19(11):988-91.PMID 16317658
  12. Go↑ Abdulaziz Bardi D, Halabi MF, Abdullah NA, Rouhollahi E, Hajrezaie M, Abdulla MA. In Vivo Evaluation of Ethanolic Extract of Zingiber officinale Rhizomes for Its Protective Effect against Liver Cirrhosis. BioMed Research International. 2013;2013:918460. doi:10.1155/2013/918460. PMID: 24396831
  13. Go↑ Grzanna, R., Lindmark, L., & Frondoza, C. G. (2005). Ginger--an herbal medicinal product with broad anti-inflammatory actions. Journal of medicinal food, 8(2), 125–132. https://doi.org/10.1089/jmf.2005.8.125 PMID 16117603
  14. Go↑ Penna, S.C., Medeiros, M.V. Anti-inflammatory effect of the hydralcoholic extract of Zingiber officinale rhizomes on rat paw and skin edema. Phytomed 2003; 10(5): 381-385. PMID 12834002
  15. Go↑ M. Thomson, K. K. Al-Qattan, S. M. Al-Sawan, M. A. Alnaqeeb, I. Khan, M. Ali. The use of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) as a potential anti-inflammatory and antithrombotic agent. Prostaglandins, Leukotrienes and Essential Fatty Acids, Volume 67, Issue 6, December 2002, Pages 475-478. PMID 12468270
  16. Go↑ Shen CL, Hong KJ, Kim SW. Effects of ginger (Zingiber officinale Rosc.) on decreasing the production of inflammatory mediators in sow osteoarthrotic cartilage explants. J Med Food. 2003 Winter;6(4):323-8. PMID 14977440
  17. Go↑ Altman RD, Marcussen KC. Effects of a ginger extract on knee pain in patients with osteoarthritis. Arthritis Rheum. 2001 Nov;44(11):2531-8. PMID 11710709
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  22. Go↑ R. Jayakumar, M.S. Kanthimathi. Dietary spices protect against hydrogen peroxide-induced DNA damage and inhibit nicotine-induced cancer cell migration. Food Chemistry journal homepage: www.elsevier.com/locate/foodchem
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  25. Go↑ Abeysekara, W. K. S. M., Chandrasekara, A. and Liyanage, P. K. 2007, Amylase and glucosidase enzyme inhibitory activity of ginger (Zingiber officinale Roscoe) an in vitro study, Tropical agricultural research, vol. 19, pp. 128-135. texte intégral
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  28. Go↑ Kobayashi M, Ishida Y, Shoji N, Ohizumi Y. Cardiotonic action of [8]-gingerol, an activator of the Ca++-pumping adenosine triphosphatase of sarcoplasmic reticulum, in guinea pig atrial muscle. J Pharmacol Exp Ther. 1988 Aug;246(2):667-73. PMID 2457078
  29. Go↑ Mustafa T, Srivastava KC. Ginger (Zingiber officinale) in migraine headache. J Ethnopharmacol. 1990 Jul;29(3):267-73. PMID 2214812
  30. Go↑ Jung San Chang, Kuo Chih Wang, Chia Feng Yeh, Den En Shieh, Lien Chai Chiang. Fresh ginger (Zingiber officinale) has anti-viral activity against human respiratory syncytial virus in human respiratory tract cell lines. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 145, Issue 1, 2013, Pages 146-151, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2012.10.043.
  31. Go↑ Clive V. Denyer, Peter Jackson, David M. Loakes, Malcolm R. Ellis, David A. B. Young. Isolation of Antirhinoviral Sesquiterpenes from Ginger (Zingiber officinale). J. Nat. Prod. 1994, 57, 5, 658-662, May 1, 1994 https://doi.org/10.1021/np50107a017
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  64. Go↑ Soleimani, V., Sahebkar, A., & Hosseinzadeh, H. (2018). Turmeric (Curcuma longa) and its major constituent (curcumin) as nontoxic and safe substances: Review. Phytotherapy research : PTR, 32(6), 985–995. https://doi.org/10.1002/ptr.6054. PMID 29480523
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CAUTION

Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

Do not exceed the daily dose.

 

This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
 

If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.

 

This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

 

This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.