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Plantain Tincture ( Plantago major ) - 50 ml

R 9200
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10 in stock
Description

Plantain Tincture ( Plantago major ) - 50 ml


    TRADITIONALLY USED FOR

     may help with

     

    • anti ulcer
    • antihistaminic
    • antitussive
    • antibacterial
    • cholesterol lowering
    • hepatoprotective
    • heamostatic
    • instect bites (bees, wasps)
    • bronchitis - laryingitis

    INFORMATION

    Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/plantain

     

    Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org

     

    Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page

     

    plant name

     

    Plantain, Hare's Ear , Five-seam Grass

     

    International Latin denomination

     

    Plantago major L.,

     

    botanical family

     

    Plantaginaceae

     

    Description and habitat

     

    • Perennial plants with leaves in a basal rosette, with convergent veins, oval for Plantago major , lanceolate for Plantago lanceolata
    • Simple erect stems, dense cylindrical or ovoid flowering spikes of green flowers
    • Wastelands all over Europe, North Africa, West Asia

     

    History and tradition

     

    • Etymology: its botanical name comes from the lation “planta” sole of the foot and “ago” I push, literally “grows under the soles of the feet” or “trampled underfoot”
    • He seems to have settled in America after the arrival of the colonists. Native Americans would have named it "white feet" because it settled wherever the white man put his boot (its soles transported the tiny seeds from France or England)

     

    Parts used

     

    • Leaf, whole plant, juice

     

    Dosage forms available

     

     

    Usual dosages

     

    Composition

     

    Main components of the plant

     

     

    Main components of buds or young shoots

     

    Main components of essential oil

     

    Properties

     

    Plant properties

     

    • Anti-inflammatory ( apigenin ) and smooth muscle antispasmodic [1] , [2] , in airway conditions [3] , the anti-inflammatory properties may be due to an inhibition of nitric oxide NO production by macrophages [4] , analgesic
    • Antiulcéreux [5]
    • Antihistamine, inhibits mast cell degranulation [6] , [7]
    • Phenylethanoids ( acteoside and plantamajoside ) inhibit 5-lipoxygenase in vitro
    • Aucuboside and acids inhibit cyclo-oxygenase
    • Intravenous administration induces the formation of interferon
    • Antioxidant, inhibition of lipid peroxidation [8]
    • Antitussive and mucolytic, inflammation of the upper airways ( mucilages , tannins )
    • Antibacterial especially by the effect of the fresh plant ( aucuboside )
    • Antiviral against Herpes virus [9] ( caffeic acid )
    • Immunomodulating, increase in TNF alpha by polysaccharides [10] , and potentially anti-cancer [11]
    • Hepatoprotective and cholesterol-lowering
    • Uricosurique (aucuboside)
    • Haemostatic, promotes healing, softening, antipruritic, local antihistamine
    • Heat denatures beta-glucosidase which releases aucubigenin from aucuboside , prefer dosage forms which do not involve heat

     

    Bud properties

     

    Properties of essential oil

     

    Indications

     

    Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)

     

    • Fistulas, ulcers, external hemorrhoids
    • Insect bites (wasps, bees)
    • Internal use: gastritis, peptic ulcers, diarrhoea, colitis
    • Bronchitis and laryngitis, asthmatic cough, allergic rhinitis
    • Hematuria

     

    Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)

     

    Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)

     

    Known or suspected mode of action

     

    • Emollient, protective role and water retention of mucilage (mucilaginous hydrocolloid)
    • Role of iridoids ( catalpol ) and apigenin in anti-inflammatory activity
    • Inhibition of PAF acether
    • Apigenin blocks a step in the estrogen manufacturing chain

     

    Usual formulations

     

    Regulations

     

     

    Possible side effects and precautions for use

     

    Bibliographic references

     

    1. Go↑ Fleer H, Verspohl EJ. Antispasmodic activity of an extract from Plantago lanceolata L. and some isolated compounds. Phytomedicine. 2007 Jun;14(6):409-15. PMID 17298877
    2. Go↑ Murai M, Tamayama Y, Nishibe S. Phenylethanoids in the herb of Plantago lanceolata and inhibitory effect on arachidonic acid-induced mouse ear edema. Planta Med. 1995 Oct;61(5):479-80. PMID 7480214
    3. Go↑ Wegener T, Kraft K. Plantain (Plantago lanceolata L.): anti-inflammatory action in upper respiratory tract infections. Wien Med Wochenschr. 1999;149(8-10):211-6. PMID 10483683
    4. Go↑ Vigo E, Cepeda A, Gualillo O, Perez-Fernandez R. In-vitro anti-inflammatory activity of Pinus sylvestris and Plantago lanceolata extracts: effect on inducible NOS, COX-1, COX-2 and their products in J774A.1 murine macrophages. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2005 Mar;57(3):383-91. PMID 15807995
    5. Go↑ Samuelsen AB. The traditional uses, chemical constituents and biological activities of Plantago major L. A review. J Ethnopharmacol. 2000 Jul;71(1-2):1-21. PMID 10904143
    6. Go↑ Ikawati Z, Wahyuono S, Maeyama K. Screening of several Indonesian medicinal plants for their inhibitory effect on histamine release from RBL-2H3 cells. J Ethnopharmacol. 2001 May;75(2-3):249-56. PMID 11297859
    7. Go↑ Jong Phil Bak, Jong Bo Kim, Jong Hyuk Park, Yoon Jung Yang, In Su Kim, Eui Su Choung, Se Chan Kang. Screening and compound isolation from natural plants for anti-allergic activity. Journal of the Korean Society for Applied Biological Chemistry, June 2011, Volume 54, Issue 3, pp 367–375 https://doi.org/10.3839/jksabc.2011.058
    8. Go↑ Marina Gálvez, Carmen Martín-Cordero, Peter J. Houghton, María Jesús Ayuso. Antioxidant Activity of Methanol Extracts Obtained from Plantago Species J. Agric. Food Chem., 2005, 53 (6), pp 1927–1933
    9. Go↑ Chiang LC, Chiang W, Chang MY, Ng LT, Lin CC. Antiviral activity of Plantago major extracts and related compounds in vitro. Antiviral Res. 2002 Jul;55(1):53-62. PMID 12076751
    10. Go↑ Hetland G. Anti-infective action of immno-modulating polysaccharides (β-glucan and Plantago major L. pectin) against intracelllular (Mycobacteria sp. and extracellular (Streptococcus pneumoniae sp.) respiratory pathogens. Curr Med Chem Anti-Infective Agents 2003 ; 2: 135-146
    11. Go↑ Chiang LC, Chiang W, Chang MY, Lin CC. In vitro cytotoxic, antiviral and immunomodulatory effects of Plantago major and Plantago asiatica. Am J Chin Med. 2003;31(2):225-34. PMID 12856861
    • Blumenthal M, Goldberg A, Brinckmann J (Ed). Expanded Commission E Monographs, American Botanical Council, Integrative Medicine Communications, 2000
    • Schulz V, Hänsel R, Tyler VE. Rational Phytotherapy - A Physicians'Guide to Herbal Medicine, fourth edition, Springer, 2001, p. 181
    • EMEA emea monograph

    CAUTION

    Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

    Do not exceed the daily dose.

     

    This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
     

    If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.

     

    This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

     

    This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.

     

    For More Information please check our General Safety Herbal products Page