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Anise Aniseed Whole Dried | 100 g | Herbal Collection

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Description

Anise Aniseed Whole Dried | 100 g | Herbal Collection 

Pimpinella anisum


    TRADITIONALLY USED

    Traditionally used for

     

    • its carminative effect (reduce flatulence)
    • sleeplessness
    • to refresh breath
    • appetite stimulant
    • aphrodisiac

    DESCRIPTION

    Anise also called aniseed is a flowering plant native to the eastern Mediterranean region and Southwest Asia.

    Flavor and aroma:  sweet and aromatic characteristic flavor, close to star anise, fennel, or liquorice. 

    Widely used to: 

     

    • prepare of herbal teas and tisanes (seeds whole or ground).
    • In Asia, the whole seeds are taken as a digestive after meals (munched)

     

     

    Soothes coughs

    Eases upset stomachs and flatulence

    Relieves insomnia       

     

    Aniseed has stimulant and carminative properties that are said to be helpful in relieving flatulence and colic. It also loosens phlegm, fights cough, and relieves insomnia. Particularly helpful when there is persistent irritable coughing and for whooping cough.

    INDICATIONS

    Herbal leaves and Flowers

    Place 1 teaspoon in 1 cup of boiling water. Allow to infuse for 8 to 10 mn. Strain

     

    Herbal powders

    Place 1 teaspoon in a cup whilst adding adding warm water and stirring slowly

     

    Seeds, Bark, Roots, Stems and Berries

    Add 20 grams to 500 ml of water. Bring to the boil and allow to simmer for 20 mn. Strain and drink warm or cold

    IN CULINARY TO FLAVOR

    • food (meats, bakery, biscotti...), used in brines, added to cheese spreads, dips or salads to impart a mild licorice flavor to soups and stews.
    • candy (black jellybeans, twists),
    • and used to flavor digestive liquor, that start clear but turn cloudy and “milky” when water is added, like Ouzo, Sambuca, Anisette and Pastis (Mediterranean basin countries); Raki and Arak (middle eastern countries). Anise is used with other herbs and spices in some root beers

    INFORMATION

    Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Anis_vert

     

    Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org

     

    Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page

     

     

    plant name

     

    Green anise

     

    International Latin denomination

     

    Pimpinella anisum L.

     

    botanical family

     

    Apiaceae ( Umbelliferae )

     

    Description and habitat

     

    • Herbaceous plant 20 to 60 cm high, with an aromatic smell, native to the Mediterranean region
    • The leaves are toothed at the base of the stem, reniform in the middle, thinly striped at the top
    • White flowers in umbels
    • Cultivated in France, Greece, Egypt, Morocco, India
    •  

    History and tradition

     

    • Cultivated in France, Greece, and Egypt for 4000 years
    • Used by Dioscorides, typical of “hot and dry” plants for Hippocratic medicine

     

    Parts used

     

    • Fruits (cremocarps) or diakenes
    • fruit essential oil

     

    Dosage forms available

     

     

    Usual dosages

     

    • Half a teaspoon (1.5 grams) per cup of infusion

     

    Composition

     

    Main components of the plant

     

     

    Main components of buds or young shoots

     

    Main components of essential oil

     

     

    Properties

     

    Plant properties

     

    • Intestinal spasmolytic ( essential oil , anethole )
    • Higher dose antispasmodic and antiseptic (antibacterial and antifungal)
    • The essential oil is bronchial secretolytic. It increases the glandular secretions at the respiratory level by direct action on the cells or stimulation of the glands of the gastric mucosa. This causes an evacuation of the bronchial mucus
    • Anethole is central analgesic , stimulates expectoration and increases pulmonary secretions, is estrogenic and facilitates ovulation
    • Stimulates liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy
    • Emmenagogue and galactogen [1] , estrogenic by anethole (but total essential oil is more active)
    • Aphrodisiac
    • Facilitates childbirth

     

    Bud properties

     

    Properties of essential oil

     

    • Effects of anethole (see its sheet)
    • Stimulates expectoration ( anethole ), increases pulmonary secretions by direct action on the cells and by stimulation of the glands of the gastric mucosa, which generates a reflex evacuation of the bronchial mucus
    • Intestinal spasmolytic, carminative
    • Miticide [2]
    • Estrogenic activity [3] ( anethole and anethole dimers :  dianethole and anisaldehyde :  dianisoin but the total essential oil is more active), emmenagogue and lactagogue, would facilitate ovulation and childbirth, aphrodisiac
    • Central analgesic ( anethole )
    • Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective [5]
    • Anti-inflammatory [6]
    • Hepatoprotective [7] , stimulates liver regeneration after partial hepatectomy
    • Antifungal [8]
    • Trans -anethole may antagonize thujone
    • The Pharmacopoeia tolerates its preparation from the star anise Illicium verum HOOKER fill. ( trans-anethole )

     

    Directions

     

    Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)

     

    • Dyspeptic disorders, intestinal spasms [9] , [10]
    • Inflammation of the respiratory tract

     

    Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)

     

    Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)

     

    • Dyspeptic disorders, intestinal spasms
    • Hormonal failure, menopause
    • Milk deficiency

     

    Known or suspected mode of action

     

     

    Usual formulations

     

     

    Regulations

     

     

    Possible side effects and precautions for use

     

    • Essential oil  :
      • Prohibited during pregnancy and in young children
      • Contraindication in hormone-dependent cancers
      • Rare allergic reactions
      • Caution in case of hypothyroidism ( HE )
      • Potential interactions with central nervous system drugs (analgesics, codeine, antidepressants, barbiturates) [11]
      • Very modest mutagenic effects
      • Only available on doctor's prescription or in galenic preparations from the Pharmacopoeia

     

    Bibliographic references

     

    1. Aller↑ Hosseinzadeh H, Tafaghodi M, Abedzadeh S, Taghiabadi E. Effect of aqueous and ethanolic extracts of Pimpinella anisum L. seeds on milk production in rats. J Acupunct Meridian Stud. 2014 Aug;7(4):211-6. doi: 10.1016/j.jams.2013.10.004. PMID 25151455
    2. Aller↑ Lee HS. p-Anisaldehyde: acaricidal component of Pimpinella anisum seed oil against the house dust mites Dermatophagoides farinae and Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus. PlantaMed. 2004 Mar;70(3):279-81. PMID 15114512
    3. Aller↑ Howes MJ, Houghton PJ, Barlow DJ, Pocock VJ, Milligan SR. Assessment of estrogenic activity in some common essential oil constituents. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2002. Nov;54(11):1521-8. http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/12495555
    4. Aller↑ Tabanca N, Khan SI, Bedir E, Annavarapu S, Willett K, Khan IA, Kirimer N, Baser KH. Estrogenic activity of isolated compounds and essential oils of Pimpinella species from Turkey, evaluated using a recombinant yeast screen. PlantaMed. 2004 Aug;70(8):728-35. PMID 15368661
    5. Aller↑ Karimzadeh F, Hosseini M, Mangeng D, Alavi H, Hassanzadeh G, Bayat M, Jafaryan M, Kazemi H, Gorji A. Anticonvulsant and neuroprotective effects of Pimpinella anisum in rat brain. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:76 (18 June 2012) Abstract , Provisional PDF
    6. Aller↑ Tabanca N, Ma G, Pasco DS, Bedir E, Kirimer N, Baser KH, Khan IA, Khan SI. Effect of essential oils and isolated compounds from Pimpinella species on NF-kappaB: a target for antiinflammatory therapy. Phytother Res. 2007 Aug;21(8):741-5. PMID 17450505
    7. Aller↑ Jamshidzadeh A, Heidari R, Razmjou M, Karimi F, Moein MR, Farshad O, Akbarizadeh AR, Shayesteh MR. An in vivo and in vitro investigation on hepatoprotective effects of Pimpinella anisum seed essential oil and extracts against carbon tetrachloride-induced toxicity. Iran J Basic Med Sci. 2015 Feb;18(2):205-11. PMID 25825639
    8. Aller↑ Felšöciová S, Kačániová M, Horská E, Vukovič N, Hleba L, Petrová J, Rovná K, Stričík M, Hajduová Z. Antifungal activity of essential oils against selected terverticillate penicillia. Ann Agric Environ Med. 2015;22(1):38-42. doi: 10.5604/12321966.1141367. PMID 25780826
    9. Aller↑ Ghoshegir SA, Mazaheri M, Ghannadi A, Feizi A, Babaeian M, Tanhaee M, Karimi M, Adibi P. Pimpinella anisum in the treatment of functional dyspepsia: A double-blind, randomized clinical trial. J Res Med Sci. 2015 Jan;20(1):13-21. PMID 25767516
    10. Aller↑ Ghoshegir SA, Mazaheri M, Ghannadi A, Feizi A, Babaeian M, Tanhaee M, Karimi M, Adibi P. Pimpinella anisum in modifying the quality of life in patients with functional dyspepsia: A double-blind randomized clinical trial. J Res Med Sci. 2014 Dec;19(12):1118-23. PMID 25709650
    11. Aller↑ Samojlik I, Mijatović V, Petković S, Skrbić B, Božin B. The influence of essential oil of aniseed (Pimpinella anisum, L.) on drug effects on the central nervous system. Fitoterapia. 2012 Dec;83(8):1466-73. doi: 10.1016/j.fitote.2012.08.012. PMID 22926042
    • Wichtl Max, Anton Robert. Therapeutic plants: Tradition, officinal practice, science and therapy. Ed. Tec & Doc. Cachan. 1999 p. 35
    • Gamberini MT, Rodrigues DS, Rodrigues D, Pontes VB. Effects of the aqueous extract of Pimpinella anisum L. seeds on exploratory activity and emotional behavior in rats using the open field and elevated plus maze tests. J Ethnopharmacol. 2015 Jun 20;168:45-9. doi: 10.1016/j.jep.2015.03.053. PMID 25839118

    CAUTION

    Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

    Do not exceed the daily dose.

     

    This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
     

    If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.

     

    This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

     

    This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.

     

    For More Information please check our General Safety Herbal products Page