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Dandelion Root Tincture (Taraxacum off. Radix) - 50 ml

R 9500
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Description

Dandelion Root Tincture (Taraxacum off. Radix) - 50 ml 


    TRADITIONALLY USED FOR

    May help with

     

    • Weight loss
    • Gout
    • Eczema
    • diuretic
    • Detoxifying
    • Anemia

    INFORMATION

    Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Pissenlit

     

    Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org

     

    Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page

     

    plant name

     

    Dandelion, Dent de lion , Dent-de-lion , dandelion (English)

     

    International Latin denomination

     

    Taraxacum campylodes GE Haglund = Taraxacum officinale Weber (= Taraxacum dens leonis Desf.)

     

    botanical family

     

    Asteraceae

     

    Description and habitat

     

    • Perennial herb with a strong taproot
    • Basal leaves arranged in a rosette and deeply divided into unequal triangular and hooked lobes
    • Hollow stems, solitary heads of golden yellow flowers, all ligulate
    • Achenes surmounted by fine silky tufts
    • Common in wet meadows and fields

     

    History and tradition

     

    • The leaves make very good spring salads
    • In traditional medicine, used in nocturnal enuresis, contrary to its diuretic effect
    • Bitterness is due to the presence of sesquiterpene lactones
    • Folk medicine used it for anemia and "to purify the blood"

     

    Parts used

     

    • Root harvested in autumn
    • Leaves harvested in spring

     

    Dosage forms available

     

     

    Usual dosages

     

    • Infusion 4-10 g of drug 3 times a day
    • Or 30 grams of roots per liter of water, boil for a few minutes, infuse for 1/2 hour. Drink a liter a day, 10 days a month. Discontinuous cures (like all "drainers")

     

    Composition

     

    Main components of the plant

     

     

    Main components of buds or young shoots

     

    Main components of essential oil

     

    Properties

     

    Plant properties

     

    • Choleretic and cholagogue, eupeptic
    • OrRequirement, increases gastric secretion
    • Diuretic [7] , effect probably linked to high potassium content [8] , even by leaves and by inulin
    • Causes weight loss [9] , anti-obesity by inhibiting pancreatic lipase [10]
    • Mild laxative, “depurative”, prebiotic
    • Detoxifying, induces phase 2 enzymes , dramatic increase (244% of control) in activity of phase II detoxifying enzyme UDP-glucuronosyl transferase in rats [11]
    • Hypolipidemic, antioxidant, protects against oxidative stress responsible for atherosclerosis [12]
    • Hepatoprotector [13]
    • Anti-inflammatory ( taraxasterol ) [14] , antioxidant [15] , regulates muscle cell viability, anti-inflammatory and muscle analgesic [16]
    • Anti-hyperglycemic, anticoagulant [17]
    • Immunostimulant, induces neutrophil migration, splenic lymphocyte proliferation and phagocytosis [18] , nitric oxide (NO) production [19]
    • Antineoplastic [20] ( lupeol ), anti-carcinogenic [21] , cytotoxic activity on Hep G2 liver cancer cells [22] , and on MCF-7/AZ prostate and breast cancer cells [23]
    • Anti-angiogenic, anti-inflammatory, anti-nociceptive activity by inhibition of NO production and COX-2 expression [24]
    • Restores NO production and TNF-alpha secretion by interferon-gamma primed mouse peritoneal macrophages [25]
    • Anti-anemic, increases the number of red blood cells and hemoglobin in mice [26]
    • Moderate antidiabetic [27]
    • Protective against certain pancreatitis [28]
    • Promising anti-HIV properties [29]
    • Rich in inulin like Chicory Cichorium intybus , another Asteraceae
    • The flowers are potent antioxidants against reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide [30] , [31]

     

    Bud properties

     

    Properties of essential oil

     

    Directions

     

    Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)

     

    • Prevention of cholelithiasis
    • Enzymatic stimulation of the liver and kidneys
    • Obesity
    • Cholecystopathy
    • Insufficient digestion of lipids
    • Obesity
    • Gout, rheumatic diseases
    • Eczema and skin diseases
    • Spring and/or autumn “detox” cures
    • Support for heavy and/or prolonged treatments (chemos, etc.); pay attention to interactions with cytochromes P450, provide therapeutic windows, respect protocols
    • In homeopathy:
      • Depapillated tongue “in geography map”, jaundice or subicterus

     

    Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)

     

    Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)

     

    Known or suspected mode of action

     

    • Inulin is an osmotic diuretic: filtered by the renal glomerulus, it increases the osmotic pressure of the tubular fluid
    • Sesquiterpene lactones are the "bitter principles" of yesteryear, they have a hepatic and renal enzymatic stimulating action

     

    Usual formulations

     

    • Dandelion root decoction:
      • Dandelion root ( Taraxacum dens leonis ): two tablespoons for one liter of water. Boil for a few minutes, infuse for 1/2 hour. Drink a liter a day, 10 days a month.

     

    Regulations

     

     

    Possible side effects and precautions for use

     

    • No known toxicity
    • Interaction with cytochromes P450, decreased activity of CYP1A2 and CYP2E in hepatic microsomes of rats fed dandelion, no observed alteration in CYP2D and CYP3A activities
    • Contraindications: pregnancy, lactation, heart and kidney disease
      • A reported case of QT interval prolongation with a dietary supplement used in obesity, based on dandelion, boldo and fucus [32]
      • Due to the high content of potassium in dandelion, theoretical risk of hyperkalaemia if used over the long term (especially in food use): make discontinuous cures
    • Anaphylactic reactions and possible contact allergies [33]

     

    Bibliographic references

     

    1. Go↑ David R. Cyr, J. Derek Bewley. Proteins in the roots of the perennial weeds chicory (Cichorium intybus L.) and dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber) are associated with overwintering. Planta, Volume 182, Number 3, 370-37. PMID 24197187
    2. Go↑ Katrin Schütz, Dietmar R. Kammerer, Reinhold Carle, Andreas Schieber. Characterization of phenolic acids and flavonoids in dandelion (Taraxacum officinale WEB. ex WIGG.) root and herb by high-performance liquid chromatography/electrospray ionization mass spectrometry. Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry, Volume 19, Issue 2, pages 179–186, 30 January 2005. PMID 15593267
    3. Go↑ Christine A. Williams, Fiona Goldstone, Jenny Greenham. Flavonoids, cinnamic acids and coumarins from the different tissues and medicinal preparations of Taraxacum officinale. Phytochemistry, Volume 42, Issue 1, May 1996, Pages 121-127. PMID 8728061
    4. Go↑ W. Kisiel, B. Barszcz. Further sesquiterpenoids and phenolics from Taraxacum officinale. Fitoterapia, Volume 71, Issue 3, 1 June 2000, Pages 269-273. PMID 10844166
    5. Go↑ PP Rutherford, AC Deacon. β-Fructofuranosidases from roots of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale Weber). Biochem J. 1972 February; 126(3): 569–573.
    6. Go↑ R Djingova, I Kuleff, I Penev, B Sansoni. Bromine, copper, manganese and lead content of the leaves of Taraxacum officinale (dandelion). Science of The Total Environment, Volume 50, April 1986, Pages 197-208
    7. Go↑ Bevin A. Clare, Richard S. Conroy, Kevin Spelman. The Diuretic Effect in Human Subjects of an Extract of Taraxacum officinale Folium over a Single Day. J Altern Complement Med. Aug 2009; 15(8): 929–934. doi:10.1089/acm.2008.0152 [1]
    8. Go↑ Hook, Ingrid & A, McGee & Henman, Martin. (1993). Evaluation of Dandelion for Diuretic Activity and Variation in Potassium Content. International Journal of Pharmacocognosy. 31. 29-34. 10.3109/13880209309082914.
    9. Go↑ Elisabeth Racz-Kotilla, G. Racz, Ana Solomon. The action of Taraxacum officinale extracts on the body weight and diuresis of laboratory animals. PlantaMed 1974; 26(7): 212-217
    10. Go↑ Zhang J, Kang MJ, Kim MJ, Kim ME, Song JH, Lee YM, Kim JI. Pancreatic lipase inhibitory activity of taraxacum officinale in vitro and in vivo. Nutr Res Pract. 2008 Winter;2(4):200-3. PMID 20016719 full text
    11. Go↑ Maliakal PP, Wanwimolruk S. Effect of herbal teas on hepatic drug metabolizing enzymes in rats. J Pharm Pharmacol. 2001 Oct;53(10):1323-9. PMID 11697539
    12. Go↑ Choi UK, Lee OH, Yim JH, Cho CW, Rhee YK, Lim SI, Kim YC. Hypolipidemic and antioxidant effects of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) root and leaf on cholesterol-fed rabbits. Int J Mol Sci. 2010 Jan 6;11(1):67-78. doi: 10.3390/ijms11010067. PMID 20162002
    13. Go↑ Singh, A., Malhotra, S., & Subban, R. (2008). Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale)-hepatoprotective herb with therapeutic potential. Pharmacognosy Reviews, 2(3), 163.
    14. Go↑ Wang Y, Li GH, Liu XY, Xu L, Wang SS, Zhang XM. In vivo anti-inflammatory effects of taraxasterol against animal models. Afr J Tradit Complement Altern Med. 2016 Nov 23;14(1):43-51. doi: 10.21010/ajtcam.v14i1.6. eCollection 2017. PMID 28480383
    15. Go↑ González-Castejón M, Visioli F, Rodriguez-Casado A. Diverse biological activities of dandelion. Nutr Rev. 2012 Sep;70(9):534-47. doi: 10.1111/j.1753-4887.2012.00509.x. PMID 22946853
    16. Go↑ Liu Q, Zhao H, Gao Y, Meng Y, Zhao XX, Pan SN. Effects of Dandelion Extract on the Proliferation of Rat Skeletal Muscle Cells and the Inhibition of a Lipopolysaccharide-Induced Inflammatory Reaction. Chin Med J (Engl). 2018 Jul 20;131(14):1724-1731. doi: 10.4103/0366-6999.235878. PMID 29998893
    17. Go↑ Schütz K, Carle R, Schieber A. Taraxacum—A review on its phytochemical and pharmacological profile. Journal of Ethnopharmacology. Vol 107, 3, 2006, pp 313-323. PMID 16950583 [2]
    18. Go↑ J Kim, G Choi, H Hwang, H Ku, C Choi, G Jung, B So. Characterization of immunostimulatory activities of fractions obtained from Taraxacum officinale. PlantaMed 2010; 76 - P421 DOI: 10.1055/s-0030-1264719
    19. Go↑ Kim HM, Oh CH, Chung CK. Activation of inducible nitric oxide synthase by Taraxacum officinale in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Gen Pharmacol. 1999 Jun;32(6):683-8. PMID 10401993
    20. Go↑ Faria TC, Nascimento, CCHC, Vasconcelos, SDD De., Stephens, PRS, Saranraj, P., Barreto, A. S, Diré, GF*, Literature Review on The Biological Effects of Taraxacum Officinale Plant In Therapy, Asian Journal of Pharmaceutical Research and Development. 2019; 7(3):94-99. DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.22270/ajprd.v7i3.502
    21. Go↑ Hata K, Ishikawa K, Hori K, Konishi T. Differentiation-inducing activity of lupeol, a lupane-type triterpene from Chinese dandelion root (Hokouei-kon), on a mouse melanoma cell line. Biol Pharm Bull. 2000 Aug;23(8):962-7. PMID 10963304
    22. Go↑ Hyun-Na Koo, Seung-Heon Hong, Bong-Keun Song, Cheorl-Ho Kim, Young-Hyun Yoo, Hyung-Min Kim. Taraxacum officinale induces cytotoxicity through TNF-α and IL-1α secretion in Hep G2 cells. Life Sciences, Volume 74, Issue 9, 16 January 2004, Pages 1149-1157. PMID 14687655
    23. Go↑ Sigstedt SC, Hooten CJ, Callewaert MC, Jenkins AR, Romero AE, Pullin MJ, Kornienko A, Lowrey TK, Slambrouck SV, Steelant WF. Evaluation of aqueous extracts of Taraxacum officinale on growth and invasion of breast and prostate cancer cells. Int J Oncol. 2008 May;32(5):1085-90. PMID 18425335
    24. Go↑ Hye-Jin Jeona, Hyun-Jung Kangb, Hyun-Joo Junga, Young-Sook Kanga, Chang-Jin Limb, Young-Myeong Kim, Eun-Hee Park. Anti-inflammatory activity of Taraxacum officinale. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, Volume 115, Issue 1, 4 January 2008, Pages 82-88. PMID 17949929
    25. Go↑ Kim HM, Lee EH, Shin TY, Lee KN, Lee JS. Taraxacum officinale restores inhibition of nitric oxide production by cadmium in mouse peritoneal macrophages. Immunopharmacol Immunotoxicol. 1998 May;20(2):283-97. PMID 9653673
    26. Go↑ Modaresi M, Resalatpour N. The Effect of Taraxacum officinale Hydroalcoholic Extract on Blood Cells in Mice. AdvHematol. 2012;2012:653412. doi: 10.1155/2012/653412. PMID 22844289
    27. Go↑ Wirngo FE, Lambert MN, Jeppesen PB. The Physiological Effects of Dandelion (Taraxacum Officinale) in Type 2 Diabetes. Rev Diabetes Stud. 2016 Summer-Fall;13(2-3):113-131. doi: 10.1900/RDS.2016.13.113. PMID 28012278
    28. Go↑ Sang-Wan Seo, Hyun-Na Koo, Hyo-Jin An, Kang-Beom Kwon, Byung-Cheal Lim, Eun-A Seo, Do-Gon Ryu, Goo Moon, Hong-Yeoul Kim, Hyung-Min Kim, Seung -Heon Hong. Taraxacum officinale protects against cholecystokinin-induced acute pancreatitis in rats. World Journal of Gastroenterology 2005;11(4):597-599 [3]
    29. Go↑ Han H, He W, Wang W, Gao B. Inhibitory effect of aqueous dandelion extract on HIV-1 replication and reverse transcriptase activity. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011, 11:112 (14 November 2011) Abstract [4] , full text [5]
    30. Go↑ C. Hu, DD Kitts. Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) flower extract suppresses both reactive oxygen species and nitric oxide and prevents lipid oxidation in vitro. Phytomedicine, Volume 12, Issue 8, 2 August 2005, Pages 588-597
    31. Go↑ Chun Hu, David D. Kitts. Antioxidant, Prooxidant, and Cytotoxic Activities of Solvent-Fractionated Dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) Flower Extracts in Vitro. J. Agric. Food Chem., 2003, 51 (1), pp 301–310
    32. Go↑ Agarwal SC, Crook JR, Pepper CB. Herbal remedies - how safe are they? A case report of polymorphic ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation induced by herbal medication used for obesity. Int J Cardiol. 2006 Jan 13;106(2):260-1. PMID 16321701
    33. Go↑ Assessment report on Taraxacum officinale Weber ex Wigg., radix cum herba. European Medicine Agency, Committee on Herbal Medicinal Products (HMPC), 12 November 2009, EMA/HMPC/212897/2008 full text
    • Sweeney B, Vora M, Ulbricht C, Basch E. Evidence-based systematic review of dandelion (Taraxacum officinale) by natural standard research collaboration. J Herb Pharmacother. 2005;5(1):79-93. PMID 16093238

    CAUTION

    Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

    Do not exceed the daily dose.

     

    This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
     

    If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.

     

    This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

     

    This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.