Orange Flowers Sweet Whole Dried - 60 g - Herbal Collection
Orange Flowers Sweet Whole Dried - 60 g - Herbal Collection
May help with
- candle making
Bitter Orange, Bitter Orange
- For essential oils: neroli (flowers), orange tree petit grain or petit grain (leaves and flower bud)
International Latin denomination
Description and habitat
- Shrub up to 5-10 m tall, leaves entire, elliptical, with winged petiole
- Very pure white flowers with a pleasant sweet smell
- Southern Europe and regions with a subtropical climate (the drug is generally imported from Spain and Mexico)
History and tradition
- The genus Citrus ( Rutaceae ) originated in the Malay Archipelago over 20 million years ago
- Sour orange and sweet orange seem to be two very different species .
- Flower, leaf, fruit, fruit peel
- Essential oil of flowers, zests, leaves
- candied fruit peel (orangeat)
Dosage forms available
- Essential oil of zest (essence of expression of fruit peels or essence of bitter orange )
- Essential oil of leaves and flower bud ( small grain )
- Flower essential oil ( Neroli )
Main components of the plant
- Flavonoids : tangeretin , nobiletin , naringin and naringenin , heptamethoxyflavone
- Alkaloids : synephrine and octopamine in the bark
- Essential oil of different composition depending on the organ:
- Bark essential oil (peel): limonene essence (85-90%), beta-myrcene , decanal , citrals , meranzine, esters ( linalyl acetate , geranyl acetate , citronellyl acetate ); coumarins , carotenoids , vitamin C, flavanones , citroflavonoids , pectins
- Neroli essential oil (extracted from the flowers): linalool 30-45%, nerolidol , farnesol , linalyl acetate 2-15%, limonene , beta-pinene
- Leaf essential oil (Petitgrain): linalyl acetate 40-80%, linalool
Main components of buds or young shoots
Main components of essential oil
- Leaf essential oil ( small grain ):
- Esters (55-60%): linalyl acetate 40-80%, geranyl acetate 4%, neryl acetate 2%, alpha-terpinyl acetate
- Monoterpenols and alcohols (32%): linalool 25%, alpha-terpineol 5%, geraniol 3%, nerol < 2%, 4-terpineol , 3-hexen-1-ol , (E)-2-hexen-1-ol , 1-hexanol , gamma-terpineol
- Monoterpenes (8-9%): limonene 1%, cis-ocimene , trans-ocimene 2%, beta-myrcene 2%, beta-pinene 2%, para-cymene , delta-3-carene , alpha-pinene , sabinene , gamma-terpinene , camphene , alpha-phellandrene , terpinolene
- Sesquiterpenes (<1%): beta-caryophyllene , gama-elemene , trans-beta-farnesene , bicyclogermacrene
- Aldehydes (<1%): geranial , neral
- Sesquiterpenols (<1%): nerolidol
- Ketones (<1%): 6-methyl-5-hepten-2-one
- Nitrogen compound: Methyl N-methyl anthranilate < 1%
- Monoterpene oxides : 1.8 cineole , linalool oxide
- Neroli essential oil (extracted from the flowers):
- Monoterpenes ( limonene 15%, beta-pinene 15%, trans-beta-ocimene , cis-beta-ocimene , myrcene , sabinene , terpinolene )
- Monoterpenols ( mainly linalool 30-35%, alpha-terpineol , nerol , terpinene-4-ol )
- Terpene esters ( linalyl acetate , geranyl acetate , neryl acetate , terpenyl acetate )
- Sesquiterpenes ( beta-caryophyllene )
- Sesquiterpenols ( farnesol , nerolidol 2–10 %)
- Sesquiterpene aldehydes : farnesal
- Bark (rind) essential oil  ,  ,  ,  ,  :
- Sheets :
- Central nervous system sedative by monoterpene alcohols and esters , antispasmodic, mild hypnotic
- Anticancer properties: tangeretin and nobiletin ( flavonoids ) inhibit carcinogen-induced mutagenesis and cancer cell division, heptamethoxyflavone slows Epstein-Barr virus activation, inhibits carcinogenesis and skin tumor promotion (mice)
- Flavonoids are lipid - lowering ( naringin and naringenin ) by enzymatic inhibition (acyl-coenzyme A cholesterol acyltransferase and coenzyme-3-hydroxy-3-methylglutaryl A-reductase)
- Flavonoids are inhibitors of adipocyte differentiation ( naringin , hesperidin , poncirin , isosiennsetin , hexamethoxyflavone , sineesytin , isoscutellarein , nobiletin , heptamethoxyflavone , 3-hydoxynobiletin , tangeretin , hydroxypentamethoxyflavone ) [ 6]
Properties of essential oil
- Petit grain ( essential oil of petit grain bigarade ):
- Calming the nervous system, sedative, anxiolytic  ,  ,  ,
- Anti-inflammatory on neuralgic phenomena (cervicodorsal arthritis, neuritis, painful articular rheumatism)
- Light sleeping pill
- Spasmolytic (nerve, thoracic, gynecological spasms)
- Vascular spasmolytic (mild coronary insufficiency)
- Improves arterial circulation
- Mild anti-infective (respiratory tract conditions)
- Potentialities in resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections 
- Antiparasitic, larvicide on Anopheles stephensi 
- Zest ( essence of bitter orange ):
- Properties of d-limonene and citral , anticancer and antiviral 
- Sedative and anxiolytic 
- Antibacterial against pathogenic flora while respecting resident flora (microbiota) 
- Can be used in massage with an anxiolytic effect 
- Mild cholesterol lowering
- Adjuvant in dermatology (beware of photosensitizing risks)
- Flowers ( neroli essential oil )
- Tranquilizer, antispasmodic, mild antidepressant
- Analgesic and anti-inflammatory  ( linalool , linalyl acetate , nerolidol )
- Inhaling neroli essential oil helps relieve menopausal symptoms, reportedly increases sexual desire, reduces blood pressure in postmenopausal women 
- Improves symptoms of premenstrual syndrome, when inhaled  ,  , potentiated by Damask rose essential oil 
- Neroli essential oil is anticonvulsant [ 22] , it is also antibacterial ( Pseudomonas aeruginosa ) and antifungal 
Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)
- Nervousness, ease of falling asleep
- Sheets :
- Neurotonic states and minor sleep disturbances
- Excellent sedative for children
- The use of citrus peel flavonoids in chemoprevention has been discussed
- In some commercial preparations for people who want to lose weight, caffeine is combined with bitter orange peel extract due to the presence of synephrine with adrenergic properties. The efficacy of this combination has not been demonstrated. In addition, it can cause heart problems similar to those caused by the combination ephedrine / caffeine
- The limit dose of p- synephrine has been set at 20 mg ANSES opinion on the risks associated with the presence in food supplements of p-synephrine or ingredients obtained from fruits of Citrus spp. containing
Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)
Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)
- Petit grain and neroli :
- Nervousness, ease of falling asleep, anxiety
- Neurotonic states and minor sleep disturbances
- Restless legs syndrome: foot massage with essential oils of Lavandula vera and Citrus aurantium improves sleep quality and restless legs syndrome 
- The aromatic massage of the legs with essential oils of Lavandula vera and Citrus aurantium significantly improves the quality of life of hemodialysis patients 
- Excellent sedatives for children
- Reactive nervous breakdown, sadness and melancholy, overwork, weariness
- Spasmophilia, autonomic dystonias
- Relieves the pain of childbirth 
- Topical use: skin conditions, acne, boils, facials
- Intestinal dysbiosis
Known or suspected mode of action
- Anthranilic acid is responsible for the biosynthesis of benzodiazepines by certain fungi
- d-Limonene protects against cancerization of the skin, liver, breast and colon  , inhibits malignant cell growth  ,  , 
- Linalool is analgesic , anti-inflammatory, anxiolytic  , inhibits the release of acetylcholine and reduces the opening time of the ion channels of the neuromuscular junction), antioxidant, hypnotic, anti-convulsant, hypothermic, local anesthetic, antiseptic, antiviral
- French Pharmacopoeia list A (leaf, flower, pericarp called "bark or zest")
Possible side effects and precautions for use
- The essential oil of zest is photosensitizing ( limonene and coumarins )
- The green fruit of Citrus aurantium L. ssp aurantium ( Citrus aurantium L. ssp amara ) is prohibited for sale ( Decision of April 12, 2012 prohibiting…green fruit of Citrus aurantium L. ssp aurantium ) because it contains synephrine , an agonist sympathetic alpha-adrenergic, pharmacologically related to ephedrine , the use of which in humans has been prohibited in France since October 2003 in view of its serious cardiovascular and neurological adverse effects
- Food products must not contain more than 30 mg of synephrine (ie 500 mg of extract titrated at 6%) to be marketed. Synephrine is present in food, it would be disproportionate to completely ban it in food supplements (DGCCRF)
- Orange juice contains 15 to 27 mg/l of synephrine
- Aller↑ Bendaha, Hasnae & Bouchal, Btissam & El Mounsi, Ibrahim & Salhi, Amin & Berrabeh, Mohammed & El Bellaoui, Mohammed & Mimouni, Mostafa. (2016). Chemical composition, antioxidant, antibacterial and antifungal activities of peel essential oils of citrus aurantium grown in Eastern Morocco. The Pharmacy Letter. 8. 239-245.
- Aller↑ Jeannot V, Chahboun J, Russell D, Baret P. (2005). Quantification and determination of chemical composition of the essential oil extracted from natural orange blossom water (Citrus aurantium L. ssp. aurantium). International Journal of Aromatherapy. 15. 94-97. 10.1016/j.ijat.2005.03.012.
- Aller↑ Boussaada Olfa, Skoula Melpomeni, Kokkalou Eugene, Chemli R. (2013). Chemical Variability of Flowers, Leaves, and Peels Oils of Four Sour Orange Provenances. Journal of Essential Oil Bearing Plants. 10. 453-464. 10.1080/0972060X.2007.10643579.
- Aller↑ Carmen González-Mas M, Rambla Jose, López-Gresa M Pilar, Blázquez María, Granell Antonio. (2019). Volatile Compounds in Citrus Essential Oils: A Comprehensive Review. Frontiers in Plant Science. 10.10.3389/fpls.2019.00012.
- Aller↑ Ouedrhiri, W., Bouhdid, S., Balouiri, M., Lalami, AEO, Moja, S., Chahdi, FO, & Greche, H. (2015). Chemical composition of Citrus aurantium L. leaves and zest essential oils, their antioxidant, antibacterial single and combined effects. J. Chem. Pharma. Res, 7(1), 78-84.
- Aller↑ Kim G, Park H, Woo J, Kim M, Koh P, Min W, Ko Y, Kim C, Won C, Cho J. Citrus aurantium flavonoids inhibit adipogenesis through the Akt signaling pathway in 3T3-L1 cells. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2012, 12:31 (3 April 2012) Abstract:  , Provisional PDF: 
- Aller↑ Adeline Dorcas F, Sheila John, Estherlydia, Priya Iyer, Priyadarshini S. Study on the antimicrobial property of bitter orange (Citrus aurantium L.) Peel powder and developing recipes using the powder. International Journal of Home Science 2016; 2(2): 125-131 full text
- Aller↑ Goes TC, Antunes FD, Alves PB, Teixeira-Silva F. Effect of sweet orange aroma on experimental anxiety in humans. J Altern Complement Med. 2012 Aug;18(8):798-804. PMID 22849536
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- Aller↑ Karthikeyan, Venkatachalam. (2014). Antibacterial activity of Citrus aurantium leaf essential oil against S.aureus and MRSA. Journal of Drug Discovery and Therapeutics 2 (22) 2014, 54-60. 2. 54-60. Full Text
- Aller↑ Sanei-Dehkordi, A., Sedaghat, MM, Vatandoost, H., & Abai, MR (2016). Chemical Compositions of the Peel Essential Oil of Citrus aurantium and Its Natural Larvicidal Activity against the Malaria Vector Anopheles stephensi (Diptera: Culicidae) in Comparison with Citrus paradisi. Journal of arthropod-borne diseases, 10(4), 577-585. PMID 28032110 full text
- Aller↑ Jyotsna A. Saonere Suryawanshi. An overview of Citrus aurantium used in treatment of various diseases. African Journal of Plant Science Vol. 5(7), p. 390-395, July 2011
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- Aller↑ Jiro Imanishi, Hiroko Kuriyama, Ichiro Shigemori, Satoko Watanabe, Yuka Aihara, Masakazu Kita, Kiyoshi Sawai, Hiroo Nakajima, Noriko Yoshida, Masahiro Kunisawa, Masanori Kawase, Kenji Fukui. Anxiolytic Effect of Aromatherapy Massage in Patients with Breast Cancer. Evid Based Complement Alternate Med. 2009 March; 6(1): 123–128. Full Text
- Aller↑ Khodabakhsh P, Shafaroodi H, Asgarpanah J. Analgesic and anti-inflammatory activities of Citrus aurantium L. blossoms essential oil (neroli): involvement of the nitric oxide/cyclic-guanosine monophosphate pathway. J Nat Med. 2015 Jul;69(3):324-31. doi: 10.1007/s11418-015-0896-6. PMID 25762161 .
- Aller↑ Choi SY, Kang P, Lee HS, Seol GH. Effects of Inhalation of Essential Oil of Citrus aurantium L. var. amara on Menopausal Symptoms, Stress, and Estrogen in Postmenopausal Women: A Randomized Controlled Trial. Evidence-based Complementary and Alternative Medicine: eCAM. 2014;2014:796518. doi:10.1155/2014/796518. Full Text
- Aller↑ Heydari, N., Abootalebi, M., Tayebi, N., Hassanzadeh, F., Kasraeian, M., Emamghoreishi, M., & Akbarzadeh, M. (2019). The effect of aromatherapy on mental, physical symptoms, and social functions of females with premenstrual syndrome: A randomized clinical trial. Journal of family medicine and primary care, 8(9), 2990–2996. https://doi.org/10.4103/jfmpc.jfmpc_452_19 . PMID 31681680
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Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.
Do not exceed the daily dose.
This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.
This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.
This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.