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Elder Flowers Cut Tea - 75 g - Herbal Collection

R 12900
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Description

Elder Flowers Cut Tea - 75 g - Herbal Collection

 Sambucus nigra


    TRADITIONALLY USED FOR

    May help with

    • Sinusitis
    • anti inflammatory
    • Cold & flu symptoms
    • bronchitis
    • diabetes
    • constipation

     

     

    Elderflower is a diuretic, laxative, antispetic, antiviral and also has anti-inflammatory properties. 

     

    The flowers are known for their high antioxidant content and Vitamin C which is great for boosting your immune system

     

    INFORMATION

    Source : http://www.wikiphyto.org/wiki/Sureau_noir

     

    Reference on http://www.wikiphyto.org

     

    Translation in English by Google Translate  (go to the page of the source linked | on Chrome cellphones go on the 3 dots on the top right and select translate in your preferred language | on laptop right click your mouse and select option translate when hoovering on the page

     

    plant name

     

    Black elderberry, black elderberry (English)

     

    International Latin denomination

     

    Sambucus nigra L.

     

    botanical family

     

    Adoxaceae (formerly Caprifoliaceae )

     

    Description and habitat

     

    • Shrub 4 - 5 m high with large opposite compound-odd-pinnate leaves, with 5-7 oval leaflets
    • Inflorescences in large umbel-shaped corymbs (20 cm in diameter) with a delicate fragrance
    • Ripe fruits are black and bursting with dark purple juice
    • Common throughout Europe, Western Asia, North Africa, it can be invasive
    • Delicate drying (possible blackening)

     

    History and tradition

     

    • Formerly considered a real “country pharmacy”
    • We prepare the delicious elderberry donuts with the flowers
    • Elderflowers were once used to purge "phlegm", one of the four Hippocratic humors, a nasal secretion believed to emanate from the brain
      • The "phlegmatic" temperament or complexion would have favored certain diseases caused by the damp cold.

     

    Parts used

     

     

    Dosage forms available

     

     

    Usual dosages

     

    • TM  : 50 drops 4 times a day for adults
    • Berries EPS
    • Berry syrup: 15 ml (one tablespoon) 4 times a day
    • Elderflower herbal tea, one cup 4 to 6 times a day

     

    Composition

     

    Main components of the plant

     

     

    Main components of buds or young shoots

     

    Main components of essential oil

     

    Properties

     

    Plant properties

     

     

    Bud properties

     

    Properties of essential oil

     

    Directions

     

    Indications of the whole plant (phytotherapy)

     

    • Colds, infectious and eruptive diseases, flu-like illnesses at the beginning, dry coughs, rhino-pharyngitis in children
    • Flus +++ (berries), rhinitis (even allergic) and sinusitis [33]
    • Gargles lotions fumigations and poultices
    • Berries in rheumatism

     

    Indications of the bud (gemmotherapy)

     

    Specific indications of essential oil (aromatherapy)

     

    Known or suspected mode of action

     

    Usual formulations

     

    • Black elderflower herbal tea: a teaspoon for a cup of boiling water, infuse for a quarter of an hour, drink four to six cups a day

     

    Regulations

     

     

    Possible side effects and precautions for use

     

    • None known for flowers (herbal tea allowed for children)
    • Safety for the Natural Standard Research Collaboration, which confirms the effectiveness [34]
    • Heartburn, nausea and vomiting after eating undercooked fruit
    • CYP3A4 inhibition described for a mixture of Echinacea purpurea and Sambucus nigra [35]

     

    Bibliographic references

     

    1. Go↑ Jensen SR, Nielsen BJ. Cyanogenic glycosides in Sambucus nigra L. Acta Chem Scand 1973;27:2661-2662.
    2. Go↑ Buhrmester RA, Ebingerla JE, Seigler DS. Sambunigrin and cyanogenic variability in populations of Sambucus canadensis L. (Caprifoliaceae). Biochem Syst Ecol 2000;28:689-695.
    3. Go↑ Gray, A., Abdel-Wahab, Y., & Flatt, P. (2000). Insulin-like and insulin-releasing actions of the traditional antidiabetic plant Sambucus nigra (elder). Journal of Nutrition, 130(1), 15-20.
    4. Go↑ Gray AM, Abdel-Wahab YH, Flatt PR. The traditional plant treatment, Sambucus nigra (elder), exhibits insulin-like and insulin-releasing actions in vitro. J Nutr. 2000 Jan;130(1):15-20. doi: 10.1093/jn/130.1.15. PMID 10613759 .
    5. Go↑ Palomino O, García-Aguilar A, González A, Guillén C, Benito M, Goya L. Biological Actions and Molecular Mechanisms of Sambucus nigra L. in Neurodegeneration: A Cell Culture Approach. Molecules. 2021 Aug 10;26(16):4829. doi: 10.3390/molecules26164829. PMID 34443417 ; PMCID: PMC8399386.
    6. Go↑ Barak V, Halperin T, Kalickman I. The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines. Eur Cytokine Netw. 2001 Apr-Jun;12(2):290-6. PMID 11399518
    7. Go↑ Pliszka B. Polyphenolic content, antiradical activity, stability and microbiological quality of elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) extracts. Acta Sci Pol Technol Aliment. 2017 Oct-Dec;16(4):393-401. doi: 10.17306/J.AFS.0523. PMID 29241318
    8. Go↑ Abuja PM, Murkovic M, Pfannhauser W. Antioxidant and prooxidant activities of elderberry (Sambucus nigra) extract in low-density lipoprotein oxidation. J Agric Food Chem 1998;46:4091-4096.
    9. Go↑ Youdim KA, Martin A, Joseph JA. Incorporation of the elderberry anthocyanins by endothelial cells increases protection against oxidative stress. Free Radic Biol Med 2000;29:51-60.
    10. Go↑ Murkovic M, Abuja PM, Bergmann AR, Zirngast A, Adam U, Winklhofer-Roob BM, Toplak H. Effects of elderberry juice on fasting and postprandial serum lipids and low-density lipoprotein oxidation in healthy volunteers: a randomized, double-blind , placebo-controlled study. Eur J Clin Nutr. 2004 Feb;58(2):244-9. PMID 14749743
    11. Go↑ Ciocoiu M, Mirón A, Mares L, Tutunaru D, Pohaci C, Groza M, Badescu M. The effects of Sambucus nigra polyphenols on oxidative stress and metabolic disorders in experimental diabetes mellitus. J Physiol Biochem. 2009 Sep;65(3):297-304. doi: 10.1007/BF03180582. PMID 20119824 .
    12. Go↑ Zielińska-Wasielica, J., Olejnik, A., Kowalska, K., Olkowicz, M., & Dembczyński, R. (2019). Elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.) fruit extract alleviates oxidative stress, insulin resistance, and inflammation in hypertrophied 3T3-L1 adipocytes and activated RAW 264.7 macrophages. Foods, 8(8), 326.
    13. Go↑ Vlachojannis JE, Cameron M, Chrubasik S. A systematic review on the sambuci fructus effect and efficacy profiles. Phytother Res. 2010 Jan;24(1):1-8. PMID 19548290
    14. Go↑ Hale G. Ağalar. Elderberry (Sambucus nigra L.). Nonvitamin and Nonmineral Nutritional Supplements. Academic Press, Chapter 3.14 - 2019, Pages 211-215, https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-812491-8.00030-8 .
    15. Go↑ Barak V, Halperin T, Kalickman I. The effect of Sambucol, a black elderberry-based, natural product, on the production of human cytokines: I. Inflammatory cytokines. Eur Cytokine Netw. 2001 Apr-Jun;12(2):290-6. PMID 11399518
    16. Go↑ Barak V, Birkenfeld S, Halperin T, Kalickman I. The effect of herbal remedies on the production of human inflammatory and anti-inflammatory cytokines. Isr Med Assoc J. 2002 Nov;4(11 Suppl):919-22. PMID 12455180 Full Text: [1]
    17. Go↑ Waknine-Grinberg JH, El-On J, Barak V, Barenholz Y, Golenser J. The immunomodulatory effect of Sambucol on leishmanial and malarial infections. PlantaMed. 2009 May;75(6):581-6. doi: 10.1055/s-0029-1185357. PMID 19214946
    18. Go↑ Porter RS, Bode RF. A Review of the Antiviral Properties of Black Elder (Sambucus nigra L.) Products. Phytother Res. 2017 Apr;31(4):533-554. doi: 10.1002/ptr.5782. PMID 28198157
    19. Go↑ Thorne Research, Inc. Monograph. Sambucus nigra (elderberry). Altern Med Rev. 2005 Mar;10(1):51-4. Full Text
    20. Go↑ Torabian, G., Valtchev, P., Adil, Q., & Dehghani, F. (2019). Anti-influenza activity of elderberry (Sambucus nigra). Journal of functional foods, 54, 353-360.
    21. Go↑ Roschek B Jr, Fink RC, McMichael MD, Li D, Alberte RS. Elderberry flavonoids bind to and prevent H1N1 infection in vitro. Phytochemistry. 2009 Jul;70(10):1255-61. PMID 19682714
    22. Go↑ Akram M, Tahir IM, Shah SMA, Mahmood Z, Altaf A, Ahmad K, Munir N, Daniyal M, Nasir S, Mehboob H. Antiviral potential of medicinal plants against HIV, HSV, influenza, hepatitis, and coxsackievirus: A systematic review. Phytother Res. 2018 May;32(5):811-822. doi: 10.1002/ptr.6024. PMID 29356205
    23. Go↑ Zakay Rones Z, Varsano N, Zlotnik M, Manor O, Regev L, Schlesinger M, Mumcuoglu M. Inhibition of several strains of influenza virus in vitro and reduction of symptoms by an elderberry extract (Sambucus nigra L.) during an outbreak of influenza B Panama. J-Altern-Complement-Med. 1995 Winter; 1(4): 361-9. PMID 9395631
    24. Go↑ Zakay-Rones Z, Thom E, Wollan T, Wadstein J. Randomized study of the efficacy and safety of oral elderberry extract in the treatment of influenza A and B virus infections. J Int Med Res. 2004 Mar-Apr;32(2):132-40. PMID 15080016
    25. Go↑ Krawitz C, Abu Mraheil M, Stein M, Imirzalioglu C, Domann E, Pleschka S, Hain T. Inhibitory activity of a standardized elderberry liquid extract against clinically-relevant human respiratory bacterial pathogens and influenza A and B viruses. BMC Complementary and Alternative Medicine 2011, 11:16 (25 February 2011) [2]
    26. Go↑ Vimalanathan, S., Schoop, R., Pleschka, S., & Hudson, J. (2013). Synergistic inhibition of Influenza replication cycle with Echinacea purpurea and Sambucus nigra. Planta Medica, 79(13), PN115.
    27. Go↑ Harnett J, Oakes K, Carè J, Leach M, Brown D, Cramer H, Pinder TA, Steel A, Anheyer D. The effects of Sambucus nigra berry on acute respiratory viral infections: A rapid review of clinical studies. Adv Integr Med. 2020 Dec;7(4):240-246. doi: 10.1016/j.aimed.2020.08.001. PMID 32864330 ; PMCID: PMC7443157.
    28. Go↑ Hawkins, J., Baker, C., Cherry, L., & Dunne, E. (2019). Black elderberry (Sambucus nigra) supplementation effectively treats upper respiratory symptoms: A meta-analysis of randomized, controlled clinical trials. Complementary therapies in medicine, 42, 361-365.
    29. Go↑ Chen C, Zuckerman DM, Brantley S, Sharpe M, Childress K, Hoiczyk E, Pendleton AR. Sambucus nigra extracts inhibit infectious bronchitis virus at an early point during replication. BMC Vet Res. 2014 Jan 16;10:24. doi: 10.1186/1746-6148-10-24. PMID 24433341
    30. Go↑ Weng JR, Lin CS, Lai HC, Lin YP, Wang CY, Tsai YC, Wu KC, Huang SH, Lin CW. Antiviral activity of Sambucus Formosana Nakai ethanol extract and related phenolic acid constitute against human coronavirus NL63. Virus Res. 2019 Nov;273:197767. doi: 10.1016/j.virusres.2019.197767. PMID 31560964
    31. Go↑ Gray AM, Abdel-Wahab YH, Flatt PR. The traditional plant treatment, Sambucus nigra (elder), exhibits insulin-like and insulin-releasing actions in vitro. J Nutr. 2000 Jan;130(1):15-20. PMID 10613759
    32. Go↑ Ciocoiu M, Mirón A, Mares L, Tutunaru D, Pohaci C, Groza M, Badescu M. The effects of Sambucus nigra polyphenols on oxidative stress and metabolic disorders in experimental diabetes mellitus. J Physiol Biochem. 2009 Sep;65(3):297-304. PMID 20119824
    33. Go↑ Roxas M, Jurenka J. Colds and influenza: a review of diagnosis and conventional, botanical, and nutritional considerations. Altern Med Rev. 2007 Mar;12(1):25-48. PMID 17397266
    34. Go↑ Ulbricht C, Basch E, Cheung L, Goldberg H, Hammerness P, Isaac R, Khalsa KP, Romm A, Rychlik I, Varghese M, Weissner W, Windsor RC, Wortley J. An evidence-based systematic review of elderberry and elderflower (Sambucus nigra) by the Natural Standard Research Collaboration. J Diet Suppl. 2014 Mar;11(1):80-120. doi: 10.3109/19390211.2013.859852. PMID 24409980
    35. Go↑ Schrøder-Aasen T, Molden G, Nilsen OG. In vitro inhibition of CYP3A4 by the multiherbal commercial product Sambucus Force and its main constituents Echinacea purpurea and Sambucus nigra. Phytother Res. 2012 Nov;26(11):1606-13. doi: 10.1002/ptr.4619. PMID 22319006
    • Wichtl Max, Anton Robert. Therapeutic plants: Tradition, officinal practice, science and therapy. Ed. Tec & Doc. Cachan. 1999. p. 502

    CAUTION

    Store in a cool, dry place, away from light. Keep tightly closed, away from the reach of Children and pets.

    Do not exceed the daily dose.

     

    This product is not intended to prevent or cure any form of illness or disease.
     

    If you are pregnant or nursing ; If you have a medical condition or are in the course of medical treatment ; If you are programmed for theater/operation in the near future, please consult your healthcare practitioner before using this product.

     

    This product cannot replace a varied and balanced diet and a healthy lifestyle.

     

    This product has not been evaluated by the SAHPRA for its quality, safety or intended use.

     

    For More Information please check our General Safety Herbal products Page